Classification of Vitamins Related GK Questions For Railway SSC TSPSC Other Exams

Classification of Vitamins: It enhances the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and fats. Vitamins are required for growth in children, formation of hormones, blood cells, tissues and bones.

Vitamins cannot be synthesized /produced by the human body, thus, our diet must contain vitamins.

Vitamin was invited by Sir F.G. Hopkins. The Term vitamins were coined by Funk.
On the basic solubility, vitamin is two types those are

Water soluble Vitamins: Vitamin B and Vitamin C

Fat soluble Vitamins: Vitamin- A, D, E, K

Classification of Vitamins and their functions

Classification of Vitamins Related GK Questions For Railway SSC TSPSC Other Exams

Vitamin
Function
Food Sources
Vitamin A
(Retinol)

Helps you to see in the day and at night.
Protects you from infections by keeping
skin and other body parts healthy.

Liver, some fish
Milk, cheese
Vitamin B1
(Thiamin)
Helps with energy production in your body.
Whole grains, enriched grains
Liver, pork, dried beans, nuts and seeds
Vitamin B2
(Riboflavin)
Helps with energy production in your body.
Helps your body use other B vitamins.
Soybeans, meat and poultry, liver and eggs
Mushrooms
Milk, cheese, yogurt
Whole grains, enriched grains.
Vitamin B3
(Niacin)
 
Helps your body to use protein, fat and carbohydrate to make energy.
Helps enzymes work properly in your body.
Mushrooms
Peanut butter, meat, fish, poultry
Whole grains, enriched grains
Biotin
 
Allows your body to use protein, fat and carbohydrate from food.
Sweet potatoes, Nonfat milk, yogurt
Peanuts, almonds, eggs, liver, soy protein
*The biotin content in food can vary greatly
Vitamin B6
(Pyridoxine)
 
Helps your body to make and use protein and glycogen which is the stored energy in your muscles and liver.
Helps form hemoglobin which carries oxygen in your blood.
Potatoes, bananas
100% bran, instant oatmeal
Meat, fish, poultry, liver, soybeans, chickpeas, lentils, pistachio, nuts, sunflower seeds
Vitamin B12
(Cyanocobalamin)
 
Works with the vitamin folate to make DNA.
Helps to make healthy blood cells. Low levels of vitamin B12 can cause a type of anemia.
Keeps a nerve working properly?
Milk, cheese, yogurt, fortified soy or rice beverages
Meat, fish, poultry, liver, eggs, fortified soy products
Folate (also known as
flacon and folic
acid)
 
Helps to produce and maintain DNA and cells.
Helps to make red blood cells and prevent anemia.
Getting enough folic acid lowers the risk of having a baby with birth defects like spina bifida.
Asparagus, cooked spinach, romaine lettuce, Brussels sprouts, beets, broccoli, corn, green peas, oranges, orange juice
Bread, enriched pasta, wheat germ
Liver, dried beans, soybeans, chickpeas, lentils, sunflower seeds, flaxseeds
*Folic acid is the type of folate found in Vitamin supplements and fortified foods.
Vitamin C
(Ascorbic acid)
May help prevent cell damage and reduce risk for certain cancers, heart disease and
other diseases.
Helps heal cuts and wounds and keeps
gums healthy.
Protects you from infections by keeping your immune system healthy.
Increases the amount of iron your body absorbs from some foods.
Citrus fruits such as oranges, grapefruits and
their juices, kiwi, strawberries, mangoes,
papaya
Red, yellow and green peppers, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, tomatoes, raw dark leafy vegetables
Carotenoids:
alpha, beta-carotene
and betacryptoxanthin
 
Carotenoids are not vitamins but some types can turn into vitamin A in the body.
Act as antioxidants which protect your body from damage caused by harmful molecules called free radicals.
 
Cantaloupe, pink grapefruit, tomatoes, broccoli, dark green leafy vegetables like spinach, beet greens and Swiss chard, dark orange vegetables such as carrots and sweet potatoes
Vitamin D
 (Calciferol)
Increases the amount of calcium and phosphorus your body absorbs from foods.
Deposits calcium and phosphorus in bones and teeth, making them stronger and healthier.
Protects against infections by keeping your immune system healthy.
Milk, fortified soy and rice beverages
Fortified margarine
Some fish, eggs, organ meats, fish liver oils
Vitamin E
(Tocopherol)
 
Helps to maintain a healthy immune system and other body processes.
Acts as an antioxidant and protects cells from damage.
Vegetable oils
Avocados, leafy green vegetables
Wheat germ, sunflower seeds, some nuts, peanut butter
Vitamin K
(Phyllo Quinone)
 
Makes proteins that cause our blood to clot, when you are bleeding.
Involved in making body proteins for your blood, bones and kidneys.
Broccoli, soybeans, dark green leafy vegetables such as kale, collards, turnip/beet greens and spinach

Vitamin Deficiency Diseases Important Questions Biology

Vitamin A - Night Blindness, Hyperkeratosis and Keratomalacia

Vitamin B1 - Beriberi, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome.

Vitamin B2 - Ariboflavinosis.

Vitamin B3 - Pellagra.

Vitamin B5 - Paresthesia.

Vitamin B6 - Anemia peripheral neuropathy.

Vitamin B7 - Dermatitis, enteritis.

Vitamin B9 - Megaloblastic and Deficiency during pregnancy is associated with birth defects, such as neural tube defects.

Vitamin B12 - Megaloblastic anemia.

Vitamin C - Scurvy.

Vitamin D - Rickets and Osteomalacia.

Vitamin K - Bleeding diathesis.

Vitamins Related GK Questions Previous year Questions with Answers


What is Hyper Vitamins is?
Answer: Having excess of Vitamins

Which Vitamin is known as the anti-infective vitamin?
Answer: Vitamin A

What is the source of Vitamin A in Leafy vegetables?
Answer: Carotene

Which is the pigment giving yellow color to Milk?
Answer: Carotene

Unpolished rice is a rich source of which vitamin?
Answer: Thiamine (Vitamin B1)

Which Vitamin is used for ELISA test (AIDS)?
Answer: Vitamin B7 (Biotin)

Which Vitamin contains Cobalt?
Answer: Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin)

Which Vitamin helps to heal wound?
Answer: Vitamin C

Which Vitamin helps in blood clotting?
Answer: Vitamin K

Which Vitamin helps immunity of body?
Answer: Vitamin C

Which is the first artificially synthesized Vitamin?
Answer: Vitamin C

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Classification of Vitamins Related GK Questions For Railway SSC TSPSC Other Exams Classification of Vitamins Related GK Questions For Railway SSC TSPSC Other Exams Reviewed by SSC-IBPS on 16:19:00 Rating: 5

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