Detailed About Human Diseases For Railway SSC CGL SSC CHSL And SSC CPO Exams

Detailed About Human Diseases For Railway SSC CGL SSC CHSL And SSC CPO Exams
Detailed About Human Diseases For Railway SSC CGL SSC CHSL And SSC CPO Exams
Diseases Caused by Protozoa :

Disease
Affected Organ
Parasites
Carrier
Symptoms Mosquito
Malaria
RBC & Liver
Plasmodium
Female Anophelies
Fever with shivering
Pyorrhoea
Gums
Entamoeba gingivelis
-           
Blleding from Gums
Sleeping Sickness
Brain
Trypanosoma
Tse – Tse files
Fever with severe sleep
Diarrhoea
Intestine
Entamoeba Histolytica

Mucous & diarrohea with blood.
Kala- ajar
Bone marrow
Leismania donovani
Sand Files
High Fever


Malignant malaria is pernicious malaria.

Charles Leveran discovered the Malaria Parasite, Plasmodium in the blood of the affected person in the year 1880.

Ronald Ross (1897) confirmed the Malaria is caused by Malaria parasite and told the mosquito is the carrier of it.

Diseases Caused By Bacteria : 

Disease
Affected Organ
Name of the Bacteria
Symptoms
Tetanus
Nervous System
Clostridium Tetani
High feve, spasm in body, closing of Jaws etc..
Cholera
Intestine
Vibrio Cholerae
Continuous stool and vomiting
Typhoid
Intestine
Salmonella typhia
High fever and headache
Tuberculosis
Lungs
Mycobacerium tuberculosis
Repeated coughing
Diphtheria
Respiratory tube
Corynebacterium diptheriae
Difficulty In respiration and suffocation
Plague
Lungs, area between the two legs
Pasteurella pesties
Very high fever, muscular eruptions on the body
Whopping cough
Respiratory system
Hemophilis pertusis
Continuous coughing
pneumonia
Lungs
Diplococcus pneumonia
High fever, swelling in lungs
Leprosy
Nervous system skin
Mycobacterium leprae
Spots on body, nervous affected
Gonorrhea
Urinary Path
Neisseria Gonorrhoeae
Swelling in urinary path
Syphilis
Urinary Path
Treponema pallidum
Wounds In urinogenial tract

Note: In the year 1882, german scientist Robert koch discovered the bacteria of Cholera and T.B.
Birds Flu is a diseases that affects human beings and spread through poultry.
If waste material contaminate the source of drinking water, the most probability to spread the diseases is Typhoid.

Vaccine: it is a biological preparation of a weakened or killed pathogen which provides active acquired immunity to the body for a particular diseases.

Vaccination: Administration of vaccine to stimulate an individual`s immune system to develop immunity to a pathogen.

 Vaccine
                  Name of disease
DTP
Diptheria, Pertussis, tetanus given to child up to one year
BCG
`Bacillus, Calmatte – Guerin. It provide immunization against tuberculosis given to the child up to one to four month
OPV (polio)
Oral polio vaccine is given to the child from 2 monhs to 6 year
            Louis Pasteur discovered the vaccine of Rabies and Pasteurization of milk.

Disease caused by Viruses

Disease
Affected Organ
Name of Virus
Symptoms
AIDS
Defensive system (WBC)
HIV
Immune system of body became weak
Dengue fever
Whole body, particularly head, eyes and joints
Billions of virus
Pain in eyes, muscles,  head and joints
Polio
Throat, backbone Nerve
Polio virus
Fever,body pain, backbone and intestine cells are destroyed
Influenza (flu)
Whole body
Mixo virus
Suffocation, sneezing, restlessness
Chiken pox
Whole Body
Variola virus
High fever, radish eruption on body
Small pox
Whole body
Varicella virus
Light fever, eruption of bile on body
Gointre
Parathyroid glant

Difficulty in opening the mouth with fever
Measles
Whole body
Morbeli virus
` Radish eruption on body
Trachoma
Eyes

Raddish eyes, pain In eyes
Hepatitis or Jaundice
Liver

Yellow urine, Eyes and skin become yellow.
Rabies
Nervous system
Rabies virus
The patient becomes mad with sever headache and high fever
Meningitis
Brain

High fever
Herpes
Skin
Herpes
Swelling in skin

Note: Acquired Immune deficiency Syndrome.

Elisha Test: Test of HIV virus (AIDS).

Medical Instrument

Pacemaker : It is a small device that is placed in the chest to control abnormal heart beat.

Computed Tomography scan (CT scan) : Used to Investigate abnormal functioning of the body.

Electro cardiography (ECG) : To find out the abnormal of heart.
Electroencephalogram (EEG) : Use to detect malfunctioning of brain.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) : Use to find out any abnormality in the whole body.

Auto analyser : Use to examine glucose, area and cholestrole.

Diseases caused by Protozoa :

1.Diarrhoea : The reason of this disease is the presence of internal protozoa namely Entamoeba histolytica which is spread through house files. It causes wounds in the instestine. Protein digesting enzyme, trypsin is destroyed in this. This is mostly found in children. Disease caused by helminthes

2.Filarial : This disease is caused by Wuchereia baoncrofti. This worm is transmitted by the stings of culex mosquitoes. This disease causes swelling in legs, testes and other parts of the body. This disease also known as Elephantiasis.

Diseases caused by fungus :

1.Asthma : the spores of the fungi, namely Aspergillus fumigates reaches the lungs of the human and constitutes a net like formation, thus, obstructs the function of lungs. This is a infectious disease.

2. Athlete`s foot : This disease is caused by the fungi namely tenia Pedes. This is a infectious disease of skin which spreads mainly due to the cracking of feet.

3. Scabies : This disease caused by fungi namely Acarus Scabies. In this disease the skin itches and white spots found on the skin.

4.Baldness : This is caused by the fungi namely Taenia capitis. Due to this hair of the head falls.


5. Ringworm : This disease spreads through the fungi namely Trycophyton Lercossum. This is infectious disease. Round red spot found on the skin.

Detailed About Human Diseases For Railway SSC CGL SSC CHSL And SSC CPO Exams Detailed About Human Diseases For Railway SSC CGL SSC CHSL And SSC CPO Exams Reviewed by Honey on 11:24:00 Rating: 5
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