RRB NTPC EXAM - 2016 : Modern Indian History Part -3

RRB NTPC EXAM - 2016 : Modern Indian History Part -3
RRB NTPC EXAM - 2016 : Modern Indian History Part -3 
Demand For Pakistan:
·    In 1930, Iqbal suggested that the Frontier Province, Baluchistan, Sindh and Kashmir be made the Muslim State within the federation.
·    Chaudhary Rehmat Ali gave the term Pakistan in 1923.
·    Mohd. Ali Jinnah of Bombay gave it practicality.
·    Muslim League first passed the proposal of separate Pakistan in its Lahore session in 1940.
The Cripps Mission – 1942:
·   In Dec. 1941, Japan entered the World War – II and advanced towards Indian borders. By March 7, 1942, Rangoon fell and Japan occupied the entire S E Asia.
·   The British govt. with a view to getting co-operation from Indians sent Sir Stafford Cripps, leader of the House of Commons to settle terms with the Indian leaders.
·   He offered a draft which proposed dominion status to be granted after the war.
·   Rejected by the Congress as it didn’t want to rely upon future promises.
·   Gandhiji termed it as a post dated cheque in a crashing bank.
The Revolt of 1942 & The Quit India Movement:
·   Called the Vardha Proposal and Leaderless Revolt.
·   The resolution was passed on Aug.8, 1942, at Bombay. Gandhiji gave the slogan ‘Do or Die’.
·   On Aug 9, the Congress was banned and its important leaders were arrested.
·   The arrests provoked indignation among the masses and, there being no program of action, the movement became spontaneous and violent. Violence spread throughout the country.
·   The movement was however crushed.
   The Indian National Army:
Founded by Rasbehari Bose with Captain Mohan Singh.
·   S.C.Bose secretly escaped from India in Jan 1941, and reached Berlin. In July 1943, he joined the INA at Singapore. There, Rasbehari Bose handed over the leadership to him.
·   The soldiers were mostly raised from Indian soldiers of the British army who had been taken prisoners by the Japanese after they conquered S.E.Asia.
·   Two INA head quarters were Rangoon and Singapore (formed in Singapore).
·   INA had three fighting brigades named after Gandhiji, Azad and Nehru. Rani Jhansi Brigade was an exclusive women force.
The Cabinet Mission Plan (1946):
·   The struggle for freedom entered a decisive phase in the year 1945-46. The new Labour Party PM.Lord Attlee, made a declaration on March 15, 1946, that British Cabinet Mission (comprising of Lord Pethick Lawrence as Chairman, Sir Stafford Cripps and A.V.Alexander) will visit India.
·   The mission held talks with the INC and ML to bring about acceptance of their proposals.
·   On May 16, 1946, the mission put towards its proposals. It rejected the demand for separate Pakistan and instead a federal union consisting of British India and the Princely States was suggested.
·   Both Congress and Muslims League accepted it.
Formation of Interim Government (Sept 2, 1946):
·   Based on Cabinet Mission Plan, an interim government consisting of Congress nominees was formed on Sept.2, 1946. J.L.Nehru was its Vice-President and the Governor-General remained as its President.
Jinnah’s Direct Action Resolution (Aug 16, 1946):
·   Jinnah was alarmed at the results of the elections because the Muslim League was in danger of being totally eclipsed in the constituent assembly.
·   Therefore, Muslim League withdrew its acceptance of the Cabinet Mission Plan on July 29, 1946.
·   It passed a ‘Direct action’ resolution, which condemned both the British Government and the Congress (Aug 16, 1946). It resulted in heavy communal riots.
·   Jinnah celebrated Pakistan Day on Mar 27, 1947.
Formation of Constituent Assembly (Dec 9, 1946):
·   The Constituent assembly met on Dec 9, 1946 and Dr.Rajendra Prasad (13-12-1946) was elected as its president.
Mountbatten Plan (June 3, 1947):
·   On June 3, 1947, Lord Mountbatten put forward his plan which outlined the steps for the solution of India’s political problem. The outlines of the Plan were:
·   India to be divided into India and Pakistan.
·   Bengal and Punjab will be partitioned and a referendum in NEFP and Sylhet district of Assam would be held.
·   There would be a separate constitutional assembly for Pakistan to frame its constitution.
·   The Princely states would enjoy the liberty to join either India or Pakistan or even remain independent.
·    Aug.15, 1947 was the date fixed for handing over power to India and Pakistan.
·   The British govt. passed the Indian Independence Act of 1947 in July 1947, which contained the major provisions put forward by the Mountbatten plan.
Partition and Independence (Aug 1947):
·    All political parties accepted the Mountbatten plan.
·    At the time of independence, there were 562 small and big Princely States in India.
·   Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, the first home minister, used iron hand in this regard. By August 15, 1947, all the States, with a few exceptions like Kashmir, Hyderabad and Junagarh had signed the Instrument of Accession. Goa was with the Portuguese and Pondicherry with the French.

RRB NTPC EXAM - 2016 : Modern Indian History Part -3 RRB NTPC EXAM - 2016 : Modern Indian History Part -3 Reviewed by GK Adda on 09:30:00 Rating: 5

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