RAILWAY NTPC EXAM -2016: Modern Indian History Important Points Part-2

Railway NTPC Exam - 2016: Modern Indian History Important Points Part-2
Railway NTPC Exam - 2016: Modern Indian History Important Points Part-2
  • Dayanand Saraswati left his house at the age of 21. As a Brahmachari Sadhu, he travelled to different places in India.
  • Dayanand Saraswati started the propagation of his religion from Agra.
  • In 1874, he wrote his famous book Satyarth Prakash.
  • On 10 April, 1875 he founded Arya Samaj at Bombay.
  • Totapuri, a Vedantic sadhu taught Vedant Sadhna to Dayananda.
  • Ramkrishna Paramhans was born in 1836 in a poor Brahman family of Hoogly district of Bengal.
  • Swami Vivekanand was the most devoted disciple of Swami Ramkrishna Paramhans.
  • Ramkrishna Pramhans did not establish any Ashram or sect.
  • In 1893 in the All Religion Conference at Chicago Vivekanand impressed everyone, and started a Vedant Samaj there.
  • In 1896 Vivekanand established Ramkrishna Mission.
  • In the last years of the third decade of the 19th century, the young Bengal movement was led by an Englishman named Henry William Derozio.
  • On 7 September, 1875 in New York, U.S.A. Madame H.P. Blatavesky (Russian) and Col. H. S. Alcott (American) founded the Theosophical Society.
  • Mrs. Annie Besant, an Irish lady was a very active member of Theosophical Society in India.
  • Due to the efforts of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, in 1856, the Widow Remarriage Act was legislated.
  • The slogan of ‘Inkalab Zindabad’ was given by Mohammad Iqbal.
  • Sir Saiyyad Ahmad Khan founded the Anglo Oriental College at Aligarh in 1877 which later became known as Aligarh Muslim University.
  • Haji Shariatullah was the initiator of Faryaz movement.
  • In Maharashtra the Bharat Sewak Samaj was started by Gopal Krishna Gokhale.
  • In 1922 Amrit Lal Viththal Das established the Bheel Sewa Mandal.
  • Jyoti Ba Phule was the champion of widowremarriage in Maharashtra.
  • In 1911 Narayan Maltar Joshi organised the Social Service League, a society to solve the social problems. He was assisted by some educated Indians.
  • Avanindra Nath Thakur founded the society known as—The Indian Society of Oriental Art.
  • In the 19th century, the famous Bengali author Bankim Chandra Chatterjee composed the song— Vande Matram.
  • In 1875, Sisir Kumar Ghose founded the India League.
  • The Indian Association founded by Surendra Nath Banerjee was replaced by the Indian League in 1876.
  • The credit for founding the Indian National Congress in 1885 goes to an English officer, Allen Octavian Hume.
  • The first Conference of the Indian National Congress was held at Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College, Bombay under the chairmanship of W. C. Banerjee.
  • Bal Gangadhar Tilak started Ganesh Mahotsav in 1893 and Shivaji Samaroh in 1895.
  • Pandit Jugal Kishore published the first newspaper of India—Udant Martand. It was a paper which gave top priority to Indian interests.
  • During Lord Curzon’s time in 1905, Bengal was divided.
  • In 1911, in Lord Hardinge’s time, the partition of Bengal was cancelled.
  • Lala Lajpat Rai and Ajeet Singh were exiled to Burma in 1907.
  • In 1911 the capital of India was shifted to Delhi from Calcutta.
  • On Nov. 1913, the Ghadar Party was founded at Sanfransisco city of America by the great revolutionary of Punjab named Lala Hardayal.
  • Kashi Ram and Hardayal were the active members of the Ghadar Party.
  • In 1906, Agha Khan founded the All India Muslim League.
  • In 1916, a pact was signed between Muslim League and Congress which is known in history as the Lucknow Pact.
  • In 1916 Bal Gangadhar Tilak established the Home Rule League of India.
  • After Lucknow Pact, Congress and League presented the plan of political reforms based on separate electoral regions. This pact led to an increase in communalism.
  • In 1914 Annie Besant brought out a newspaper in English named ‘New India’.
  • Gandhiji established the Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad.
  • On 30 March, 1919, Satyagraha Day was observed in whole of India. The Satyagraha was peaceful at all places except Punjab and Delhi.
  • Dr. Satyapal and Dr. Saifuddin, the leaders of the Punjab Satyagraha were imprisoned. In protest, a meeting was organized at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar . The people who assembled here were gunned down. This is known as ‘Jalhianwalla bagh Massacre’ of April 1919.
  • After the world war I, the Indian Muslims were excited due to the treatment meted out to Caliph by the British in Turkey. In 1919 they started the Khilafat movement under the leadership of Maulana Shaukat Ali and Muhammad Ali.
  • The Congress joined the Muslims in Khilafat movement. On 31 August, 1919, the Khilafat Day was observed.
  • Mahatma Gandhi launched the Non-cooperation Mass Movement in 1920-21. But violence broke out at Chauri Chaura then in Gorakhpur district which saddened Gandhiji. In February 1922 he announced the closure of the movement.
  • In March 1922 Motilal Nehru and Deshbandhu Chitranjan Das established the Swaraj Party.
  • In the elections of 1923 the Swaraj Party scored 40 seats out of 148.
  • In 1927 the Bardoli Satyagraha was conducted by Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel.
  • In 1928 under the chairmanship of Sir John Simon a Commission came to India to inspect the administrative work. The Indians boycotted it as no Indian was a member of the Commission. In March 1928 the Commission went back.
  • In the 1929 Lahore Congress session held under the chairmanship of Jawaharlal Nehru, the meaning of Swaraj was declared as total independence.
  • In 1930 Gandhiji broke the Salt laws by his Dandi March and he started the Civil Disobedience movement.
  • In 1930, the Congress boycotted the first Round Table Conference.
  • In 1931, after Gandhi-Irwin pact Gandhiji went to attend the second Round Table Conference along with the members of Muslim League.
  • In the third Round table conference in 1932, Congress did not send any representative. Only 46 members went to participate under different categories.
  • The meeting of the Executive of Congress held on 1 January, 1932 decided to again start the Civil Disobedience Movement due to the completely negative attitude of the Government.
  • The British Prime Minister Ramsay Macdonald declared the communal award on 16 August, 1932.
  • On 25 September, 1932, the Poona Pact was signed. Common agreement was made on two conditions for preparing the electoral regions. The representative of the Depressed classes was B.R. Ambedkar.
  • In 1932 Gandhiji founded the Harijan Sewak Sangh for the uplift of the Harijans.
  • On 8 May, 1933 Gandhiji declared the programme of 21 days fast for his self-purification.
  • Gandhiji began ‘Individual Satyagraha and Civil Disobedience on 1 August, 1933.
  • The Government of India Act of 1935 had 312 articles and 19 enclosures.
  • In 1935, the British provinces were 11 e.g., Madras, Bombay, Bengal, Bihar, Punjab, Orissa, Central Provinces, Assam, North West Frontier Provinces, United Provinces and Sindh.
  • The Government of India Act of 1935, the subjects were divided into three departments—Federal, Provincial and Concurrent.
  • This Act divided the British provinces of India in two categories. 11 were the provinces under the Governor and 5 provinces were under Lieutenant Commissioners.
  • The Govt. of India Act, 1935, proposed Federal system and Provincial autonomy. The plan of Federal system could not be implemented. The elections for the Provincial legislative Councils were held in the January-February of 1937.
  • The Congress won majority in 5 provinces—Madras, United Provinces, Central Provinces, Bihar and Orissa in the general election of 1937.
  • In Punjab, the Unionist Party and Muslim League jointly formed the Government. This Government worked without any obstruction till 1947.
  • In Bengal the Krishak Praja Party and the Muslim League jointly formed the Government. Its Cabinet worked till 14 August, 1947. Sikandar Hayaat Khan was the head of this Government.
  • The Congress Cabinets worked from 1937 to 1939.
  • In 1934, the members of Congress Executive, Acharya Narendra Dev, Jai Prakash and Achyut Patvardhan organized the Congress Socialist Party.
  • In the Haripura session of the Congress (1938), S. C. Bose was unanimously elected the President.
  • Subhash Chandra Bose organized a National Planning Committee.
  • In 1939 Bose was relected Congress President defeating Gandhi’s candidate P. Sitaramayya.
  • In April 1939, Subhash Chandra Bose resigned from the post of the President and started a militant party known as Forward Block.
  • In 1939, Jawaharlal Nehru became the President of the Tribal Conference of Indian States.
  • In 1933, a Muslim student named Choudhary Rahmat Ali studying in England proposed the formation of a separate Muslim State and called it Pakistan.
  • On 24th March, 1940, in the Lahore Conference of the Muslim League, the Pakistan proposal was passed.
  • Lord Linlithgo presented the August proposal before the Congress on 8 August, 1940 for getting cooperation during the war.
  • The Individual Satyagraha was started from 17 October, 1940. Acharya Vinoba Bhave was the first Satyagrahi. Gandhiji postponed it on 17 December, 1940.
  • It was restarted on 5 January, 1941. During this period more than 20 thousand people were arrested.
  • Cripps Mission visited India in 1942. It was onemember Commission and only Sir Strafford Cripps was the member.
  • The Congress and the League, both rejected the Cripps Proposals.
  • The Quit India movement resolution was passed on 14 July, 1942 in the Executive of the Congress Session held at Wardha. It was reaffirmed on 8 August, 1942.
  • The interim government of free India was organized on 21 October, 1943 by Subhash Chandra Bose in Singapore.
  • 21 Indian political leaders were invited to attend a Conference at Simla in June 1945. It ended in failure.
  • In December 1945, the General Elections were held in India. The Congress received the majority in 6 provinces.
  • On 18 February, 1946, the non Commissioned officers and Naval soldiers of the Royal Indian Navy who were called Rattings, began a militant revolt at Bombay.
  • In order to remove the Constitutional crisis the British Government sent the Cabinet Mission to India.
  • It came on 29 March, 1946 to New Delhi and it declared its proposals.
  • Muslim League observed the Direct Action Day on 16 August 1946.
  • The Interim Government of India was organized under the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru. The Cabinet took oath on 2nd September, 1946.
  • The Constituent Assembly first met under the chairmanship of Dr. Rajendra Prasad on 6th December, 1946.
  • Atlee declared on 20 February, 1947 that the English would leave India after transferring the power to responsible people before June 1948.
  • The Mountbatten Plan of 3 June, 1947 was mainly the Plan of partition. It was agreed upon by the Executive of the Indian National Congress on 14-15 June in a meeting at Delhi.
  • In July 1947, the Indian Independence Act was passed by the British Parliament.
  • India became independent on 15 August, 1947.
  • On 26 January, 1950, the state of Hyderabad merged in the Indian Federation.
  • On 20 April 1954, the Panchsheel Pact was signed between India and China.
  • On 20 October, 1962 China invaded upon India. Soon it occupied Assam Valley and Laddakh. On 21 November, 1962, China declared one sided ceasefire.
Modern Indian History Important Points Part-1 
Medieval Indian History Important Points Part-1 
Medieval Indian History Important Points Part-2 
Ancient Indian History Important Points Part-1 
Ancient Indian History Important Points Part-2
RAILWAY NTPC EXAM -2016: Modern Indian History Important Points Part-2 RAILWAY NTPC EXAM -2016: Modern Indian History Important Points Part-2 Reviewed by GK Adda on 09:30:00 Rating: 5

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