RAILWAY NTPC EXAM -2016: Medieval Indian History Part-2

RAILWAY NTPC EXAM -2016: Medieval Indian History Part-2
RAILWAY NTPC EXAM -2016: Medieval Indian History Part-2
  • The first invasion of Babar on India was conducted in 1519. During this invasion, he conquered Bajaur and Bhera. He went back from here. When he left these two places were lost to the Moghuls.
  • Babar again invaded India in 1526, for the fifth time and he did not go back this time. He founded the Moghul empire in India.
  • He defeated Ibrahim Lodhi by adopting his trusted war tactics of Tulughma.
  • Babar used Artillery for the first time in the battle of Panipat.
  • Babar defeated Rana Sanga of Mewar in the battle of Khanva in 1527. He scored a victory over Afghans in battle of ‘Ghaghara’ in 1529.
  • Babar declared the Chanderi war as Jehad and he constructed a minarate of the heads of the dead Rajputs.
  • Babar wrote his autobiography Tujuk-i-Babri in Turkish language.
  • Mirza Haider Speaks about numerous qualities of Babar in his book—Tarikh-i-Rashidi.
  • Babar’s daughter Gulbadan Begum enumerated the qualities of Babar in her book, Humayun Nama.
  • Babar in his reign abolished the tax Tamagha.
  • Babar wrote Risala-i-Validiya in Turkish poetry which was orginally the work of Khwaja Obei-dullah.
  • Babar learnt the use of artillery from Ustad Ali and Mustafa—his two Turkish officers.
  • The name of Humayun’s mother was Maham Sultana.
  • In 1544 Humayun took shelter with Shah Tahmasp, the ruler of Iran.
  • In July 1555, Humayun again occupied the throne of Delhi.
  • Humayun died on 27 January, 1556 as a result of a sudden fall from the stairs of the Din-Panah Library.
  • Shershah was a great conqueror. He fought and won a grim battle against Maldeo of Marwar.
  • Shershah introduced currency reform, extanded transport system by building, roads, most famous being present day G. T. Road and reformed revenue system by classifying agricultural land and introducing measurement of land.
  • During the administration of Shershah, the Diwan-i-Vizarat looked after the tax system and economy and maintained the accounts of the income and expenditure of the State.
  • The duty of Diwan-i-Ariz was to recruit the army, supply the food and look after education.
  • The duty of Diwan-i-Rasalat was to conduct correspondence with other States and to maintain contact with them.
  • The duty of the Diwan-i-Insha was to write emperor’s orders and records of accounts.
  • The credit to solve the early difficulties of Akbar and to safeguard the Mughal empire goes to Bairam Khan.
  • From 1556 to 1560 the reins of Mughal administration remained in the hands to Bairam Khan.
  •  At Tilwara, a war was fought between Bairam Khan and the army of Akbar. Bairam Khan was defeated.
  • In early days of his rule Akbar was under the influence of Harem particularly his foster another Maham Anga. This is why some historian call the early years of Akbar as ‘Purda-rule’ or Petticoat government.
  • When Maham Anga died, the so-called short Petticoat government of Akbar’s time ended.
  • In 1562 Akbar abolished the slavery system.
  • Akbar was the first muslim ruler who got maximum success in Rajasthan.
  • Akbar’s second attack on Gujarat is considered to be not only the fastest invasion of Akbar’s time but the fastest in the history of the world of that age.
  • In 1595 during Akbar’s time. Muzaffar Hussain was the Persian Governor of Qandahar.
  • Akbar’s mother Hamida Bano Begum was a religious lady of a Sufi Shia family.
  • Raja Birbal died fighting on the royal side in the Afghan-Baluchi rebellion during Akbar’s time.
  • In 1571 was built an Ibadatkhana at Fatehpur Sikri where every Thrusday, religious deliberation were held.
  • Akbar was also impressed by Jainism. He invited the eminent Jain scholar Heer Vijay Suri from Tam Gachh in Gujarat to know about this religion.
  • Impressed by Zorastrianism, the holy fire was kept burning in Akbar’s palace.
  • Following the tradition of Hindu kings, Akbar started appearing for Darshan of his people from the Jharokha of his palace.
  • In Akbar’s time, the Prime Minister was known Wazir or Vakil-i-Mutlaq.
  • In Akbar’s time, the Finance Minister was called Wazir or Deewan.
  • Mujaffar Khan was the first to be appointed as Wazir during Akbar’s time.
  • The assistants of Deewan, known as Sahib-i-Taujeeh looked after the accounts of the Army.
  • Another assistant of Deewan, Deewan-i-Bayutoot, looked after the Industries of different kinds.
  • The officer who managed the royal treasury was known as Mushrif-i-Khazana.
  • Meer Saman in Akbar’s time, managed the affairs of the royal palace, Haram and kitchen.
  • In Akbar’s time, Amal Guzar was the officer who collected the revenue from the districts.
  • Bitikchi prepared the data about the quality of land and its produce. On the same basis, the Amal Guzar fixed the revenue. Bitikchi was the second important officer in the Revenue department.
  • Amil collected the revenue from the Pargana.
  • In Akbar’s time, the clerk was called Karkun. His main task was to record the cultivable land in the Pargana and keep an account of the realized and unrealized revenue.
  • Akabar introduced Mansabdari system with its ranks of Jat and Sawar based on decimal system.
  • According to Blochman, Zat was the definite number of soldiers, the Mansabdars had to keep with them.
  • According to Blochman the Sawar meant the definite number of cavalry.
  • In Akbar’s time, there were four kinds of land—Polaj, Chacher, Parauti and Banjar.
  • In Akbar’s time, Ibrahim Sarhindi translated the Sanskrit text of Atharva Ved in Persian.
  • Mulla Shah Mohammad translated in Persian Raj Tarangini of Kalhan.
  • Maulana Sherry translated Hari Vansh Puran in Persian.
  • Abul Fazal translated Panch Tantra in Persian.
  • Faizi translated the story of Nal Damayanti in Persian.
  • The history of Islam was compiled in Tarikh-i-Alfi. It is a famous book.
  • Akbar established a separate department of Painting, the chairman of this department was the famous painter Khwaja Abdus Samad.
  • Abdussamad was an inhabitant of Persia who came to India from Shiraz. He was adorned with the title of Shirin Qalam for his attainments.
  • Mohammad Hussain, the famous author of Akbar’s Court was adorned with the title of Zari Qalam.
  • Akbar built the Fort of Allahabad.
  • The first building of Akbar’s time was Humayun’s tomb at Delhi built under the guidance of his step mother Haji Begum.
  • The main mason who built Humayun’s tomb belonged to Iran and his name was Mirza Meerak Ghyas.
  • Akbar was born on Sunday. Hence Jahangir declared Sunday as a pious day.
  • Nur Jahan was an educated lady. She was specially interested in music, painting and poetry. She composed poetry in Persian.
  • The first Englishman to come to the Mughal Court was captain Hawkins.
  • Abdur Rahim Khan-i-Khana was the guardian and tutor of Jahangir.
  • The English ambassador Sir Thomas Roe came to India during Jahangir’s time.
  • The Jahangir’s autobiography is Tujuk-i-Jahangiri.
  • Shahjahan was born on 5 January, 1592 at Lahore. The name of his mother was Jagat Gosain.
  • Two big rebellions broke out during Shahjahan’s time. One was the revolt of the ruler of Bundelkhand named Jujhar Singh and the other was the revolt in south under the leadership of Khan-i-Jahan Lodhi.
  • The title of Malika-i-Zamani was conferred upon Arjumand Bano Begum.
  • The first coronation of Aurangzeb was performed on 31 July, 1658 and the second coronation took place on 15 June, 1659.
  • Aurangzeb passed an order and prohibited the repairs of the temples by the Hindus.
  • Aurangzeb appointed Subedars and Muhatsibs to check the spread of education and Hinduism.
  • Aurangzeb again levied Zazia upon Hindus.
  • Under Aurangzeb, the Hindu traders paid 5% tax on goods while the Muslim traders were free from this tax.
  • Aurangzeb issued orders to prohibit the celebration of Holi, Diwali and Basant etc. in the Mughal Court.
  • Gokul and Raja Ram were the leaders of Jat revolt against Aurangzeb. After the death of Rajaram, his brother’s son named Churaman continued the revolt. The Jat rebellion went on till the death of Aurangzeb and the Jats succeeded in establishing a free Jat state of Bharatpur near Mathura.
  • In 1681, Akbar, the son of Aurangzeb revolted against him.
  • The 9th Guru of the Sikh order, Guru Tegh Bahadur openly protested against the religious policy of Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb called him to Delhi and asked him to accept Islam. When he refused, he was beheaded.
  • Shivaji was the founder of Maratha State. He fought against the state of Deccan, as well as the mughal empire. He was a great administrator.
  • Shivaji was succeeded by Sambhaji who was captured and put to death by Aurangzeb.
  • Rajaram ruled only as the representative of Shahu—the son of Shambhaji who was imprisoned by Aurangzeb. Rajaram never occupied the Maratha throne.
  • After the death of Raja Ram Maratha war of independence was carried on by his wife Tarabai.
  • VascodeGama came to India as the representative of the ruler of Portugal. He met Zamorin of Calicut and obtained trade facilities.
  • In 1492 Pope Alexander VI granted the Portuguese the monopoly to trade with the east.
  • From 1505 to 1509, Almeda remained in India as the first Portuguese Governor.
  • Albukirk was the successor of Almeda in India. His objective was to establish a Portuguese colony in India by intermarrying with Indians.
  • After coming to India, the Dutch established their trade centres at Surat, Bharaunch, Cambay, Ahmedabad, Chinsura, Kasim Bazar, Patna, Balasore, Nagapattanam, Kochin, Masulipattanam and Agra.
  • The main aim of the Dutch was to trade with the Islands of south-east Asia. India was just a passage for them. This is why the Dutch faced no rivalry with other European companies.
  • In 1608, under the leadership of Captain Hawkins, the English fleet reached India.
  • In 1717 the Mughal King Farrukh Siyar granted a Firman to the British giving them the trade rights.
  • In 1692, the Nawab of Bengal issued an order to the French Company and they established a commercial Factory at Chandranagar.Modern Indian History Important Points Part-1 
Modern Indian History Important Points Part-2
Medieval Indian History Important Points Part-1 
  Ancient Indian History Important Points Part-1 
Ancient Indian History Important Points Part-2
RAILWAY NTPC EXAM -2016: Medieval Indian History Part-2 RAILWAY NTPC EXAM -2016: Medieval Indian History Part-2 Reviewed by GK Adda on 09:30:00 Rating: 5

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