Railway NTPC Exam - 2016: Indian Geography Important Points Part-3


Railway NTPC Exam - 2016: Indian Geography Important Points Part-3
Railway NTPC Exam - 2016: Indian Geography Important Points Part-3
61.   Eastern part of Western Arid Plain, between the desert and the Aravalli is a fertile tracts called “ROHI”.


62.   Flat, narrow strips of low lying flood plains of Punjab Plains is known as “BETS”, which have been formed by the shifting of river courses.

63.   The Punjab Plain is drained by many rivers and the area between the two rivers are called DOABS such as :-
(i)     Bist Doab - between Beas and Satluj

(ii)   Bari Doab - between Beas and Ravi

(iii) Rachna Doab - between Ravi and Chenab

(iv) Chaj Doab - between Chenab and Jhelum


64.   The broad Punjab flood plains of Khadar, flanked by Bluffs are locally called as “DHAYA”.


65.   In the north Bihar Plain, north of Ganga, a long line of marshes are known as “CHAURS”, like Kabar Tal.


66.   In the South Bihar Plain, South of Ganga & west of Rajmahal hills, on the outward side occur vast depressions, known as “JALA” near Patna and “TALA” near Mokama.


67.   North Bengal Plains, from the foot of Eastern Himalayas in the north to the northern limit of Bengal basin, is the ideal home of tea plantation. Further south lies the older delta of the Ganga formed during the Pleistocene time and subsequently upwarped and eroded into terraces known as “BARIND PLAIN”.

68.   RAHR PLAIN” is the low land to the west of the Bhagirathi and when the rivers like Damodar are in flood, the entire countryside is submerged.


69.   Due to hard quartzite rocks the Aravalli provides unfavourable environment for men.

70.   Narmada river from a spring on Amarkantak Plateau and at Bheraghat. It forms a waterfall known as Dhuandhar or Marble fall.

71.   Palghat Gap, in the Western Ghats, is 24 km. wide and is probably a rift valley, owing its existence to subsidence of the land between two parallel fault lines. Ponnani river flows through it.


72.   Palni Hills, the continuity of Southern Sahyadri in the north-east direction, has many beauty spots like Kodaikanal.

73.The Cardamom Hills or Elamalai, south of Palghat Gap as the continuation of South Sahyadri, is      famous for cardamom  plantation. Its east face is densely populated, commonly known as Kambam Valley.


74.   South of Tapi Valley in Maharashtra Plateau is the Ajanta Range and a southern spur, Ellora Hills is equally famous for its caves.


75.   Physigoraphically, the Mysore Plateau can be subdivided into two parts:

i)     Malnad - Hilly, deep valley, densely forested ; Baba Budan hill lies here &

ii)   Maidan - Rolling plains with low granitic hills.


76.   Eastern Ghats in Orissa and Andhra Pradesh is locally known as MALIYAS (highland), forming watershed between west flowing streams like Machkund, Sileru and the east flowing streams like Vamsadhara.


77.   In Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh the East Coast Plain is also called PAYAN GHAT, extending from Cape Comorin to Krishna-Godavari delta.


78.   Bhargavi and Daya rivers drain into Chilka Lake.


79.   Kutch and Kathiawar peninsula, on the northern end were once islands.


80.   Vaitarna and Ulhas rivers drain the Konkan coast region.


81.   Sharavati river drains the Karnataka coast with making the famous waterfall, “Gersoppa fall”.

82.   Astamudi and Vembanad lakes are situated on the Kerala coast.


83.  Arabian sea and the Bay of Bengal came into existence during the late Cretaceous or Early Tertiary time.


84.   South of Kathiawar the continental shelf is 350 km wide and 220 km. wide south of the mouth of Ganga. Elsewhere its width ranges from 50 km on the east coast to 100 km. on the West Coast.


85.   Bay of Bengal Islands are the elevated portion of submarine mountain range while the Arabian sea islands are of coral origin.


86.   Barren Island and Narcondam Island are the only volcanic islands within Indian Territory.

87.  Little Andaman is separated from the Great Andaman by the “Duncan Passage
.

88.  South Andaman consists of parallel ridges and valleys with the highest hills “Mt. Harriet” (450 m), facing the east coast. The city Port Blair lies here.


89.  Off the west coast of the North and Middle Andamans there are a number of smaller islands like Interview and Anderson, composed of limestone.


90.  Nicobar Islands is a group of 19 islands but only 12 are inhabited.


91.  Within the Nicobar Islands Great Nicobar is the largest and the Car-Nicobar is the northernmost island.


92.  Main islands of Nicobar group are - Little Nicobar, Katchall, Camorta, Trinket, Nancowry etc.


93.  Barren Island is a dormant volcano while the Narcondam Island is an extinct volcano.


94.  Coral Island in the Arabian Sea is situated between 8 Degree N and 12 Degree N.


95.  Amindivi Island is a group of six Islands-Amini, Kilton, Chetlat, Kadmat, Bitra and Peremulpur.

96.  Laccadives Islands is a group of five islands-Androth, Kalpeni, Kavaratti, Pitti and Suheli Par.



97.  Among the Arabian sea islands the Minicoy Island is the Southernmost, in the 8 Degree channel. 


Railway NTPC Exam - 2016: Indian Geography Important Points Part-3 Railway NTPC Exam - 2016: Indian Geography Important Points Part-3 Reviewed by GK Adda on 16:30:00 Rating: 5

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