Railway Ntpc Exam 2016: CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA AT A GLANCE

Railway Ntpc Exam 2016: CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA AT A GLANCE
Railway Ntpc Exam 2016: CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA AT A GLANCE

Act of 1773
  • the beginning of parliamentary government of the Company;

  • (Ii) of presidencies of Bombay and Madras the governor of Bengal made the governor-general; it of the governor-general established; a Supreme Court at Fort William.

  • This Act laid the foundation of a unitary type of Government in British India.

  • According to Lord North, "Every article in it is framed willi a view to the placing of the affairs of the Company on a solid, clear and decisive establishment."

  • According to Burke, the Regulating Act was "an infringement of national right, national faith and national justice".

Pitt's India Act, 1784

·  reiterated the supremacy of British Parliament over the administration of the Company.

·      reduced the strength of the council from four to three.

  • the Company's territories in India were called "the British possessions in India".

  • Governor's council(s) established in Madras and Bombay. Sir C. Ilbert : "The Act enunciated a system which with its cumberous and dilatory procedure and its elaborate system of checks and counter-checks, though modified in details, remained substantially in force uptill 1858."

Charter Act, 1813

·  Company's monopoly over Indian trade terminated; Indian trade thrown open to all the British subjects.

·      missionaries allowed to preach in India.


Charter Act, 1833

  • Governor-general of Bengal designated as governor-general of India.
·         the first faint beginnings of a Central Legislature for India.

·         fair and impartial treatment to Indians in matter of selection for state service.

  • According to Lord Morley, the Act of 1833 was the most important Act passed by the Parliament till 1909.

Charter Act, 1853

·   the last of the Charter Acts.
·      Indian Civil Service opened for all.

·         for the first time, the legislature given the right to frame its own rules of procedure.

Act of 1858

·  Indian administration taken over by the British Crown; viceroy to be the Crown's representative.

·      office of secretary of state and Council of India  created.
Indian Councils Act, 1861

·  Legislative Councils established at the centre and in the presidencies and provinces.

·      Councils to include non-official members.

Indian Councils Act, 1892
· enlarged the size and  functions of central and provincial councils.

·      the council to have the right to discuss budget under certain conditions.

·         members of the council granted the right to ask  questions.

Indian Councils Act, 1909 (Morley-Minto Reforms)
·      first attempt at introducing a representative and popular  element.

·      Councils, for the first time, referred to as 'Legislative Councils'.

  • separate electorates for Muslims introduced.
  • the beginning of non-official resolutions in the  council.

Government of India Act, 1919 (Montagu-Chelmsford  Reforms)

  • Dyarchy in the provinces; relaxation of central control over the provinces.

·         Indian legislature made more representative and bicameral; Legislative Assembly and Council of State to consist of 140 and 60 members.

Government of India Act, 1935
·  introduced federation and provincial autonomy; the envisaged federation never came into being.

·      the bicameral central legislatures to consist of Federal Assembly and Council of State.

  • three-fold division of legislative power (federal, provincial and concurrent lists).

Indian Independence Act, 1947

· Sovereignty and  responsibility of British Parliament abolished.
·      Dominion legislature became sovereign.
·         Governor-general and provincial governors became  constitutional

  • heads.

  • the Crown ceased to be the source of authority. 
Railway Ntpc Exam 2016: CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA AT A GLANCE Railway Ntpc Exam 2016: CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA AT A GLANCE Reviewed by GK Adda on 09:37:00 Rating: 5

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