Railway CBT EXAM -2016: Indian Geography Major Crops & Cropping Seasons In India Part -3

Railway CBT EXAM -2016: Indian Geography Major Crops & Cropping Seasons In India Part -3
Railway CBT EXAM -2016: Indian Geography Major Crops & Cropping Seasons In India Part -3
Cotton

Climate: A sub-tropical crop; temperature-above 21°C and 200 frost free days; rainfall- 75 cm. during the growing season; regur soil in the rainfed area and heavy alluvial soil in the irrigated area are most suited.

Area: Mainly in area west of 80°E; W. Punjab, Haryana, SE-Rajasthan, black cotton soil of Malwa plateau, Nagpur plain, Kathiawar and Gujarat plain, N-Karnataka and neighbouring Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and W-T.N..

In terms of area under cotton Maharashtra also ranks first followed by Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab.

In terms of production, Maharashtra also ranks first followed by Gujarat, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan.

In terms of yield, Punjab ranks first followed by Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu.

Jute

India ranks first both in area and production in the world but Bangladesh stands first in export.

Climate : Rainfall between 150 and 300 cm.; humidity over 80%; temperature between 24°C and 35°C during the growing period; preferred to land of annual flooding.

Area: Lower Brahmaputra Valley, West Bengal plain, Mahanadi delta, NE-Bihar,

In terms of area West Bengal ranks first followed by Bihar, Assam and Andhra Pradesh.

In terms of production West Bengal also ranks first followed by Bihar, Assam and Orissa.

Tobacco

Climate : Rainfall about 60 cm during the growing period; humidity about 8%, well drained sandy loam soil rich in potash is most favourable.

Area: Ganga plain N. Bihar; Godavari and Krishna deltas of Andhra Pradesh; Madurai, Belgaum, Baroda, Satara and Kaira near Mumbai.

In terms of area under tobacco Andhra Pradesh ranks first followed by Gujarat, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
In terms of production Gujarat ranks first followed by Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka and Bihar.

Sugarcane

India has the largest are in sugarcane production in the world and also leads in production.

Climate: Temperature about 25°C; hot dry wind is inimical; annual rainfall about 50 to 75 cm. plus limited irrigation; well drained reddish loamy soil is most suited; cool dry weather during its maturing period promotes the sucrose content.

Area: South India provides the best suited tropical conditions with longer crushing period. North India produces the sugar cane in sub-tropical condition. The main area lies in the Ganga plain west of Patna.

In terms of area under sugarcane production U.P. ranks first followed by Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.

In terms of production U.P. also ranks first followed by Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.

In terms of yield Tamil Nadu ranks first followed by Maharashtra.
 Rubber

In 1902, first of all the rubber plantation was introduced on the bank of Periyar river

India is the fourth largest natural rubber producer in the world only after Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia.

Area: More than 90% area is concentrated in Kerala alone and the rest is spread over in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andaman and Nicobar islands.

Both in respect of acreage and production Kerala stands first.

Tea

India accounts about 30% of global output followed by China, Kenya, Sri Lanka. However, Srilanka and Kenya have overtaken India in terms of export.

Climate: Hot climate with the temperature between 21°C and 32°C; rainfall more than 150 cm; deep loam soil rich in humus and virgin forest soil with very little calcium but enough iron are best suited.

Area: NE-India contributes about 80% of the total production and the rest 20% is shared by S. India.

Assam: Either sides of Brahmaputra river and south of Assam hills in Cachar.

W. Bengal: Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri. It has good flavour so fetches high price.

S. India: Annamalai hills; Hassan and Chikmanglur districts of Karnataka; Kottayam, Quilon and Trivandrum districts of Kerala.

Uttarakhand: Dehradun district.

Himachal Pradesh: Dharmashala in Kangra district.

In terms of area under tea Assam ranks first followed by W.Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Kerala.

In terms of production Assam also ranks first followed by W.Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

In terms of productivity/yield Tamil Nadu ranks first followed by Kerala.

 Coffee

Arabica and Robusta varieties of coffee are grown in India accounting for 49% and 51% of area under cultivation respectively.

Area: Eastern slopes of Western Ghats in Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Karnataka (Chikmanglur, Shimoga and Hassan), Tamil Nadu (Nilgiri and Palani Hills).

In terms of area under coffee plantation Karnataka ranks first followed by Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

In terms of production Karnataka ranks first followed by Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh.

Spices

In India about 60 types of spices are grown and since a long time in history India has been the chief exporter worldwide. In terms of spices export value wise Black Pepper ranks first followed by Chilli.

Chilli: Chief producers are Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, etc.
Turmeric: In terms of production Andhra Pradesh ranks first followed by T.N. and W. Bengal.

Cardamom: India is the largest producer and exporter. Both in terms of area and production, Kerala ranks first followed by Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

Black Pepper: India is the second largest producer after Indonesia. Kerala is the largest producer followed by Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andaman & Nicobar.

Arecanut: Kerala ranks first in the production followed by Karnataka, Assam & T.N.

Ginger: The chief producers are Kerala, Meghalaya, Orissa, Arunachal Pradesh & H.P.

Coconut

In terms of number of nuts India ranks second only after Indonesia and in terms of Copra India ranks third after Indonesia and Philippines.

In terms of area under coconut Kerala also ranks first followed by Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and Goa.

In terms of production Kerala also ranks first followed by Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, W. Bengal and Orissa.

Fruits

A.      Mango: Alphanso of Maharashtra, Bangnapalli of Andhra Pradesh, Dashehari & Langra of U.P., Malda of W. Bengal are some famous varieties. U.P. is the largest producer followed by Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal and Maharashtra.


B.   Banana: India is the second largest producer after Brazil. The chief producers are Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Gujarat, M.P. and Kerala.

C.      Grape: The famous variety “Anab-e-Shahi” productivity is highest in India. The chief producing areas are Coorg district of Karnataka; Wynad in Kerala; Nilgiri, Sholapur and Ahmednagar districts of Maharashtra.

D.  Citrus: Maharashtra ranks first and Nagpur Mandarins is considered to be the best in the world.

E.   Apple: North-west Himalayan region covers 95% of the total area and 85% of the total production

F.    Pineapple: The chief producers are Kerala and North Eastern states.


G.     Cashewnut: India ranks first both in area and production. Kerala ranks first in production by Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Goa and Karnataka. 
Railway CBT EXAM -2016: Indian Geography Major Crops & Cropping Seasons In India Part -3 Railway CBT EXAM -2016: Indian Geography Major Crops & Cropping Seasons In India Part -3 Reviewed by GK Adda on 16:30:00 Rating: 5

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