Most Important Places in India And Important foreign Travelers Visited India For All Competitive Exams
|Most Important Places in India And Important foreign Travelers Visited India For All Competitive Exams|
1. Ahichhatra: originally ahikshetra in Bareilly district of uttar Pradesh was once the capital of Panchalas.
2. Ailhole: In Karnataka contains chief sites of chalukyan architecture nearly 70 structural stone temples important in the development of Hindu architecture and sculpture.
3. Anjantha Caves: 66 miles north of Aurangabad in Maharashtra state. These are rock – cut Buddhist Caves, 29 in number. These caves represent a record unique painting, Sculpture and architecture of the period from about the 2nd century B.C. to about 7th century A.D.
4. Amaravathi: It is rthe legendary capital of Svarga. Also A historical site near modern Vijayawada, beilved to have flourished under the Satavahana dynasty.
5. Arikamedu: It was a sea – port near Pondicherry in Chola times.
6. Ayodhya: A few miles from modern Faizabad, near Lucknow, was capital of the Kosala and Solar Kings of ancient India. Rama was the most prominent amoung them.
7. Badami or Vatapi: In Karntaka is well known for Chalukyan Sculpture found the cave temples here. These are group of Hindu temples dating back to 7th or 8th century and examples of pure Dravidian architecture. Besides cave temples and rock – cut pillared halls, there is also the famous Malegitti Shivalaya temple.
8. Belur: In Karnataka is famous for it’s elaborately Sculpiture Cheena Kesava temple of the Hoyasala period.
9. Bhuneswar: In orissa is known for ancient temples viz., Rajarani. Lingaraja, Brahmesvara.
10. Bodh Gaya: It is situated 6 miles south of Gaya in Bihar state on the western bank of the falgu rfiver and connected by two metalled roads. It is famous as the place where Buddha got enlightenment. There are modern monasteries, rest houses and museum.
11. Chidambaram: A town 150 miles south of chennai known as Tillai in ancient time was once the capital of the Chola kingdom. Its temples are amoung the oldest in India and are gems of Dravidian architecture.It is famous as the adode of Nataraj, the dancing Shiva.
12. Daulatabad: Near Aurangabad in Maharastra atate is famous for rock – cut fortress of 12th century of near the tomb of the Mughal emperor Aurangazeb.
13. Elephant Caves: On the island of the same name about 6 miles from mumbai harbour are rock – cut caves of the 7th and 8th century. The name elephant is due to the portguese, who are apparently struck by the stone elephant which were once found in the landing place.
14. Ellora caves: About 15 miles north – west of Aurangabad in Maharastra state are about 34 caves excavated in the face of a hill.
15. Fatehpur sikri: 23 miles from Agra in uttar pradesh was the city founded by Akbar in 1571 but abandoned soon after. The place contains a number of places, ahrines, and mosques. The most notable amoung them Buland Darwaz, 176 feet high and built to coommemorate the conquest of Gujarat.
16. Halebid: In Karnataka, 10 miles from Belur, is well – known for its elaborately sculptured temples of the Hoyasala Period. The monuments rank amoung the masterpieces of Hindu art.
17. Hampi: In Karnataka, 9 miles from Hospet railway station, is the ruined capital of the Vijayanagar Empire.
18. Harappa: In Montgomery district of Punjab, now in West Pakistan, is known for excavations carried out here showing signs of Indus Valley Civilization.
19. Junagadh: In Gujarat state is one of the most ancient cities of India. It is situated below the Girnar Hill. The temple sons the Hill are known for the architecture and paintings.
20. Kalibangan: In Hanumangarh district of Rajsthan where excavations brought to light the varied achievements of Indus Valley Civilisation – town planing and use of burnt bricks.
21. Kannauj: Capital of Harshavardhana.
22. Kanchipuram: Or the “Golden City” 45 mile sSouth – west of chennai is known for Kailashnath temple. It was the capital of Successive dyanasties of Hindu rulers.
23. Kanheri: 20 miles from Mumbai is Known for its Buddhist caves dating back to the 1st century A.D.
24. Knyakubja: Or mondern Kanyakubja is an ancient city. It was the cultural centure of northern India from the seventh century to the time when the Musilms came.
25. Kapilavasthu: A small ancient Kingdom in the north of India associated with Mahatma Buddha.
26. Khajuraho: In Chhattarpur in Madhya Pradesh is famous for its group of highly ornate mediaeval Hindu temples.
27. Kusinagar: In the district of modern Deoria, is the place where Buddha died.
28. Lothal: Ancient town situated on the sea – plan of former saurashtra, 450 miles South – East of Mahenjodaro. The excavation made here represent the Indus Valley Civilization.
29. Madurai: Popularly known as the “city of festivals” was till the 14th century the capital of the Pandyan kingdom which had sea – borne trade with Rome and Greece. It is famous for Minakshi temple.
30. Mammalapuram (Mahabalipuram): Situated 53 miles from chennai, it is known for rock – cut temples, monolithic figures and carvings of the 7th and 8th centuries A.D. the chief points of interest here are the five rathas or temples modelled as Chariots “Arjuna Ratha”,“Draupadi ratha”,”Dharamraja ratha” etc..Also famous for shore temple.
31. Mandu : In Madhya Pradesh it is one of the largest mediaeval city sites.it has extensive remains fortifications and places, a synthesis of Hindu and Musilim system in architecture and painting , Jama Masjid (of mandu)
32. Mithila: It was home of the thre Scholor sages – Gargi, Maitreya and Kapila. It was the capital town of Raja Janak`s territory.
33. Mohenjodaro: In the Larkana district of sindh (now in Pakistan) is the site of excavation revealing Indus valley Citizen.
34. Nalanda: In Bhihar was the seat of an ancient Buddhist University. It contains a group of Buddhist temple and Monasteries.
35. Palitana: In Saurastra is famous for its holly hill Shatrunjaya. It is the most it is the most sacred place for Shvetambra Jains.
36. Pandharpur: it is in Sholapur district (Maharastra State). It stands on Bhima River and is one of the most Sacred places of pilgrimage in the state.
37. Prabhaspatan (or smmanth): In Gujarat state is the site of the famous sommnath temple which was destroyed by the Mahmad ghajini.
38. Pragiyotishpur: was the capital of an ancient tribal kingdom in kamarpur or modern Assam.
39. Rajgir: 8 miles south – west of Nalanda by road is an important place of pilgrimage for Buddhist. It was the capital of Bhimbisara in ancient times. The Buddha preached at Rajgir, and so did Mahavira, the preceptor of the jains.
40. Sanchi: In Madhyapradesh is famous for the largest and the most well – preserved Buddihist Stupa (108 – foot in diameter and 42 – foot in hight).
41. Saranath: Near Varanasi is the place where the Buddha devlivered his first sermon after he became the “Englightended One”. The place is known for Buddhist temples and remains.
42. Serinagapatam: In Karnataka was the ancient capital of Tippu Sultan (now known as the serinagapatnam).
43. Sravanbelgola : In karnataka is famous for its Jain temples and the Colossal statue of Gomteswara (Bahubali) 65 foot high erected in A.D.983, the tallest monolithic in the world.
44. Srrangam: An island on the Cauvery River two miles north of Tiruchirappli. It contains one of the largest temples in south India of the Vijayanagar Period.
45. Sringeri: In Karnataka is a place of pilgrimage on the banks of Tung River where the great philosopher Sankara founded one of the Prinicipal Maths (monasteries).
46. Tamralipai: A flourishing sea port in ancient India.
47. Tanjore: Was the Capital of Cholas. It is situated in the delta of the cauvery in Tamil Nadu. Also Known For Brihadeeswara temple.
48. Taxila: ancient capital of Gandhara and one of the most reowned cities of ancient north – west India.
49. Tirupati: in andhra Pradesh state, situated about 100 miles to the north – west of chennai is one of the holiest places in south India. This hill temple of Sri venkateswara is an example of every Dravadian architecture and is one of the finest in the south.
50. Ujjain: known to be the seat of king vikrama, is situated on the bank of sipra river in Madhya Pradesh. It is one of the seven sacred cities and pieces of sculpicture.
51. Vaishali: In the district of vaishali in Bhihar was the capital of famous Vajji kingdom of ancient times.
52. Vikramasila: Was a great tantrick University established by the pala king Dharampala in A.D. 810. It was a hatbed of maral corruption, sorcey and idolatry. In A.D.1198, the soldiers of Ikhtiar Khilji destroyed the structure to the ground and killed all the monks in the University.
Important foreign Travelers / Envoys
Megasthenes (302 – 298 BC): An ambassador of selecus Nikator, who visited the court of Chandragupta maurya. He wrote an interesting book I”ndica” in which he gave a vivid account of Chandragupta Maurya`s reign
Fa – Hien (405 - 411): He came to India during the reign of Chandragupta II Vikramaditya. The object of his visit was to see the holy places of Buddhism and to collect Buddhist books and relics. He was the first Chinese pilgrim to visit India.
Hiuen– Tsang (630 - 645): He visited India during the reign of Harshavardhana.
I – Tsing (671 - 695): A Chinese traverllar, he visited India in conection with Buddhisam. His work Biographies of Eminent Monks, provides us useful information about the social, religious and cultural life of the people of the this country.
AI – Masudi (957 AD): An Arab Travellar, he has given an extensive account of India in his work – Muraj – ul – Zaheb.
AI – beruni (1024 - 1030): His real name was Abu rehan Mahamud and he came to India along with Mahmad Gajini during one of his Indian raids. He travelled all over India and wrote a book Tahqiq - I Hind” The book details with the social, religious and political conditions in India.
Ibn Batuta (1333 –1347 AD): A morrish travellar, he vsisted India during the resign of Muhammad – bin Tughlaq. His book “Rehla” (The Travelogue) throws a lot of light on the reign of Muhammad – bin – Tughalaq and geographical, economics and social condations in India.
Marcopolo (1292 – 1294 AD): A Venetian travellar, he visited south India in 1924 AD (during the reign of Pandyan rular of Madurai, Madverman Kulshekhara: 1272 - 1311). His work “The book of Sir Marco Polo” gives an invaluble account of the economics history of India.
Duarte Barbosa (1500 – 1516 AD): He was a Portuguese travellar. He has given a valuable narrative of the government and the people of the Vijayanagaram Empire.
Dominigo Paces (1520 – 1522 AD): He was Portuguese travellar, who visited the court of Krishna Devaraya of the Vijayanagar Empire.
Fernao Nuniz (1535 – 1537 AD): A Portuguese merchant, who visited the Vijayanagar Empire. He wrote the historyof the empire from its earliest times of the closing years of Achyutdeva Raya`s resign.
Jhon Hughen Von Linschotten (1583 AD): He was a Dutch travellar, who has given a valuable account of the social and economic life of south India.
William Hawkins (1608 – 1627 AD): He was an English ambassador of the British Kings James I to the court of Jahangir (1609).
Sir Thomas roe (1615 – 1619 AD): He was an ambassador of James I, King of England, at the court of Jahangir, The Mughal emperor.
Franciso Palsaert (1620- 1627 AD): He was a Dutch travellar, who stayed at Agra and gave a Vivid Account of the flourishing trade at surat, Ahmedabad, Broach, Cambay, Lahore, Multan etc…
Peter Mundy (1630 – 34 AD): He was an Italian travellar to the Mughal Empire in the reign of Shajahan. His gaves valuable information about the living Standard of the common.
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