Detailed About Supreme Court & High Court For SSC Cgl, RRB ASM,Goods Guard Exam

Detailed About Supreme Court & High Court For SSC Cgl, RRB ASM,Goods Guard Exam
Detailed About Supreme Court & High Court For SSC Cgl, RRB ASM,Goods Guard Exam

             Supreme Court
  •          Every judge of the supreme court after consulting the chief justice of the supreme court,is appointed by the president of india .
  •          In appointent of the chief justice of india,president can consult such judges of the supreme court and the high court as he thinks appropriate.
  •          A person is qualified for the appointment as a judge of the supreme court,if the person is

Ø  A citizen of india
Ø  Has been a high court judge for at least 5 years
Ø  Has been an advocate of a high court, or two or more courts in succession for  atleast 10 years (Ref.:Art.124(3)) 

  •          No minimum age or fixed period of office is prescribed for appointment as the judge of the supreme court.
  •          A judge of supreme court ceases to be so, on.

Ø  Attaining the age of 65 years
Ø  Resigning in writing addressed to the president
Ø  On beeing removed by the president
Ø  The only grounds for such removal are proved misbehaviour and incapacity (Ref.: Art.124)(4)  
  •          Procedure for removal or impeachment of a supreme court Judge :

Ø  A motion addressed to the president signed by at least 100 members of the Lok Sabha or 50 members of Rajya Sabha is delivered  to the speaker  or Chairman.
Ø  The motion is investigated by a committee of 3 (2 judges of supreme court and a distinguished Jurist).
Ø  If the committee finds the judge guilty, report of committee is considered in the house where the motion is pending.
Ø  If the motion is passed in each House by majority of the total membership of the house and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members present and voting the address is presented to the president
  •          The judge is removed after the president gives his order for removal  on such addresss
  •          The procedure for impeachment is the same for judges of the supreme court and the High courts.
  •          After retirement a judge of the supreme court can not plead or act in any court or before any authourity of within the territory of India (Ref.: Art.124(7)).
  •          Jurisdiction of the supreme court is three – fold :

1.     Original                   2. Appellate                  3.Advisory.
  •          Disputes between different states of the union or between union any state is within exclusive original jurisdiction of the supreme court (Ref.: Art.  131).
  •         The jurisdiction of the supreme court to entertain an application under Art.32 for the isssue of wrists for the enforcement of fundamental rights is treated as an “ Original “Jurisdiction  of the supreme court though called wrist jurisdiction
  •          The supreme court is the highest court of appeal from all courts in the territory of india
  •         Supreme is the highest authority for interpresentation of the contitution.
  •          Supreme court may hear appeals by granting special leave against any kind of judgment or order made by any  court or tribunal ( except a millatary tribunal).
  •          Under advisory jurisdiction, supreme court can give its opnion on any matter or fact of public importance referred  to it by the president.(Ref.: Art.143).

                                                     High Court
  •        The High Court is the head of the Judiciary in the state.
    ·         Every judge of a high court is appointed by the president of india.
    ·         In making appointment as s high court judge; president can consult the chief justice of india, the governor of the state and also the chief of the high court.
    ·         A judge of the high court can hold office untill the age of 62 years
    ·         A High Court judge can leave his office:
    Ø  By resigning in writing addressed to the president.
    Ø  By being appointed a judge of the supreme court or being transferred to any oyher High court by the president.
    Ø  By removal by the president
    Ø  The mode of removal of a judge of the high court is same as that of a judge of supreme court.
    ·         The qulaifications for being a judge of the High court are:
    Ø  Be a citizen of india
    Ø  Not above 62 years of age.
    Ø  Must have held for at least 10 years a judicial office in territory of india or experience of at least10 years a high court, or more such courts in succession in india.
    Ø  Salaries and allowances of the High Court judges are charged on the consolidated fund of the state (ref.: Art. 202(d)).
    Ø  After retirement a permanent judge of High Court can not plead or act in a court or before any authority in india , except the supreme court and a High Court in which he has not worked. 
Detailed About Supreme Court & High Court For SSC Cgl, RRB ASM,Goods Guard Exam Detailed About Supreme Court & High Court For SSC Cgl, RRB ASM,Goods Guard Exam Reviewed by GK Adda on 16:39:00 Rating: 5

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