Detailed About Panchayati Raj And Municipalities System in India For SSC CGL,SSC CHSl And Railway Exams

Detailed About Panchayati Raj And Municipalities System in India For SSC CGL,SSC CHSl And Railway Exams
Detailed About Panchayati Raj And Municipalities System in India For SSC CGL,SSC CHSl And Railway Exams
                                           Panchayats 

  Ø  Part IX of the constitution envisages a three system of panchayats :
·         Panchayati at village level.
·         The district panchayati at district level.
·         The intermediate panchayati in states where the population is above 20 lakhs.

  Ø  All the seats in panchayati are filled by direct election.

  Ø  The electorate name is `GramSabha `.
   
  Ø  The chair person of panchayati is elected according to the law passed a state.

  Ø  Seats are reserved in panchayati for scheduled castes, and scheduled tribes in proportion to their     population (Ref.: Art.243D).


  Ø  Out of the reserved seats, 1/3 is reserved for women belonging to scheduled castes and scheduled tribes.1/3 of the total seats to be filled by direct election in every panchayati is reserved for women.

  Ø  A state can make similar reservation for chairpersons in the panchayatis.

  
  Ø  Every panchayati can continue for 5 years from the date of its first meeting.It can be   dissolved earlier in accordance with state law.

  Ø  A panchayati reconstituted after premature dissolution continues only for the remainder of the period. But if the remainder of the period is less than 6 months it is not necessary to hold election.


  Ø  All persons above 21 years of age and qualified to be a member of the state legislature are qualified as a member of panchayati (Ref.: Art. 243 F)

  Ø   Panchayati can be entrusted to prepare and implement plans for economic development and social justice.

  Ø  A state can authorize a panchayati to levy, collect and appropriated taxes, duties, tolls, etc…


  Ø  After the 73rd amendment of the constitution (25, April, 1993), every 5 years the state appoint a finance commission to review the financial position of the panchayati and make recommendations.

  Ø  State election consisting of a state election commissioner is appointed by the governor for superintendence, direction and control of elections to panchayatis (Ref.: Art. 243 K).


  Ø  The community development pro gramme was launched on Oct 2, 1952.
  
  Ø  The democratic decentralization was implemented for the first time in 1958 income areas                             of Andra Pradesh on experimental basis.

  Ø  The panchayati Raj was introduced for the first time on Oct, 1959 in Nagpur district of rajasthan by the prime minister jawahar Lal Nehru.


  Ø  Rajasthan is the first state in India, where panchayati Raj was implemented in the whole state.


                                               Municipalities

  Ø  PART IX A gives a constitutional foundation to the local self government units in urban areas.

  Ø  Most provisions for municipalities are similar to those contained in PART IX,
  E.g. Structure, Reservation of seats, Functions, sources of Income etc.

  Ø   Nagar panchayati is an area being transformed from a rural area to an urban area.

  Ø  Municipal council is for a smaller urban area.


  Ø  Municipal Corporation is for a larger urban area. The municipal corporation is the topmost urban local government.

  Ø  The members of municipality are generally elected by direct election.


  Ø  The legislature of a state can provide for representation in municipalities of:

·         Persons having special knowledge or experience in municipal administration.
·         Members of Lok Sabha, state assemble, Rajya Sabha and Legislative Council.
·         The chair persons of ward committees.

 Note: - If the population is 3 lacks or more ward committees are constituted.
  Ø  Two committees constituted for preparing development plan are :-

·         A district planning committee at the district level
·         A metropolitan planning committee at the metropolis level

Detailed About Panchayati Raj And Municipalities System in India For SSC CGL,SSC CHSl And Railway Exams Detailed About Panchayati Raj And Municipalities System in India For SSC CGL,SSC CHSl And Railway Exams Reviewed by SSC-IBPS on 15:05:00 Rating: 5
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