RRB NTPC GK - 2016 :: Major Indian Festivals For All Competitive Exams (Railway Exam) Special.



RRB NTPC GK - 2016 :: Major Indian Festivals For All Competitive Exams Special.
RRB NTPC GK - 2016 :: Major Indian Festivals For All Competitive Exams Special.

Major Hindu Festivals
Hindu Lunar Day of Observance
Civil date
Descriptions
Makar Sankranti or Pongal
Makar Sankranti or Pongal marks the transition of the Sun into Makar rasi.
14-Jan
Pongal is one of the most popular harvest festivals of southern India, mainly Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
Vasant Panchami
Fifth day of the waxing moon of Magh (Hindu Calendar)
20-Jan
Vasant Panchami (also called Saraswati Puja by Bengalis, Oriyas and Biharis) is celebrated for the blessing of Saraswati, goddess of wisdom and the arts.
Thaipusam or Kavadi
The full moon day of the Tamil month of Thai
Jan / Feb
Thaipusam is a Hindu festival celebrated mostly by the Tamil community. The word Thaipusam is derived from the Tamil month name Thai and Pusam, which refers to a star near the location of the moon during the festival.
Maha Shivaratri
Thirteenth night of the waning moon of Magh (Hindu Calendar)
12-Mar
Maha Shivaratri is the great night of Shiva, during which followers of Shiva observe religious fasting and the offering of Bael (Bilva) leaves to Shiva.
Holi
Full moon of the Phalgun month (Hindu Calendar)
1-Mar
Holi or Phagwah is a popular spring festival. Holi commemorates the slaying of the demoness Holika by Lord Vishnu's devotee Prahlad.

Shigmo
Feb -Mar
Shigmo is celebrated in Goa as one of the prominent festivals of the Konkani Hindu community.
Rama Navami
24-Mar
Rama Navami is the celebration of the birth of Rama.
Gudi Padwa
First Day of waxing moon of Chaitra
23-Mar
Gudi Padwa is celebrated on the first day of the Chaitra month, and is celebrated as New Year's Day by Marathis and the Konkanis.
Ugadi
24-Mar
Ugadi (meaning "the start of an era" in Telugu and Kannada) is New Year's Day for the Kannadigas and Telugus. It takes place on the same day as Gudi Padwa.
Vishu
14-Apr
Vishu is a Hindu festival celebrated in Kerala. It falls around April 14 of the Gregorian year.
Tamil New Year
14-Apr
The Tamil New Year follows the Nirayan vernal equinox. it falls around April 14 of the Gregorian year.
Hanuman Jayanti
30-Mar
Hanuman Jayanti is the celebration of the birth of Hanuman, Rama's loyal devotee.
Bihu
Vaisakha The first month of Hindu Calendar
Apr 14-15
Rongali Bihu (mid-April, also called Bohag Bihu), the most popular Bihu celebrates the onset of the Assamese New Year (around April 15) and the coming of Spring.
Sitalsasthi
Sixth day of the bright fortnight of the month of Jyestha (Hindu Calender)
Jun
The marriage of Shiva and Parvati is celebrated as Sitalsasthi. It is celebrated as a carnival, in which people and artists from different walks of life participate, making it more beautiful and bringing out the true colour of life.
Vat Pournima
Full moon of Jyeshta (Hindu Calendar)
moves
Vat Pournima is observed in Maharashtra. Pournima means "full moon." Women pray for the prosperity of their husbands by tying threads around a banyan tree.
Bonalu
Aug
Bonalu is a celebration for a Mother Goddess ( such as the goddesses Pochamma, Yellamma, etc.) in the Telangana Region.
Bathukamma
Sep / Oct
Bathukamma is a festival celebrated during the months of September and October in some regions of Andhra Pradesh, originally in Ranga Reddy, Medak and western Warangal Districts.
Rath Yatra
13-Jul
Rath Yatra is the festival associated with Jagannath.
Raja Parba
The second day(Raja Shankranti) signifies beginning of the solar month of Mithuna
Jul
Raja Parba is a four day long festival. It inaugurates and welcomes the agricultural year all over Orissa.
Guru Purnima
Full moon of Ashadh (Hindu Calendar)
25-Jul
Guru Purnima is the day devotees offer puja (worship) to their Guru. This was also the day when Vyasa, author of the Mahabharata was born.
Mahalakshmi Vrata
moves
Mahalakshmi Vrata is a puja performed by married Hindu women to seek the blessings of Mahalakshmi, goddess of wealth and prosperity.
Onam
23-Aug
Onam is a harvest festival, celebrated mainly in the Indian state of Kerala. Like many other religious festivals in India, Onam is celebrated by people across all castes and faiths.
Raksha Bandhan
Full moon of Shravana (Hindu Calendar)
24-Aug
Raksha Bandhan is a festival celebrated mainly in northern Indian states. Rakhi is a special occasion to celebrate the chaste bond of love between a brother and a sister.
Krishna Janmaashtami
Eighth day of waning moon of Shravana (Hindu Calendar)
Sep 1-2
Krishna Janmaashtami is the Hindu festival celebrating the birth of Krishna. It is actually called as Krishna Jayanthi.
Gowri Habba
Moves
Gowri Habba is celebrated in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu. Gowri is worshipped for her ability to bestow courage to her devotees.
Ganesh Chaturthi
Fourth day of the waxing moon of Bhadrapada (Hindu Calendar)
11-Sep
Ganesh Chaturthi is the celebration of the birth of Ganesh.
Nuakhai
Fifth day of the waxing moon of Bhadrapada (Hindu Calendar)
12-Sep
Nuakhai is celebrated to welcome the new rice of the season. This is an agricultural festival mainly observed by people of Western Orissa (Kosal).
Navarathri
First nine nights of the waxing moon of Ashvin
8-Oct
Navarathri is the Hindu festival of worship and dance. In Sanskrit the term literally means "nine nights". During this festival the forms of Shakti are worshiped.
Vijayadashami
Tenth day of waxing moon of Ashvin (Hindu Calendar)
17-Oct
Vijayadashami is the Hindu celebration of good over evil.
Deepavali
New moon of Ashvin (Hindu Calendar)
5-Nov
Deepavali which means "row of lights/lamps" in Tamil and Sanskrit is called "Divali" in North India, Deepa means lamp and in Hindi a lamp is mostly called a Diya or Di.
Bhai dooj
Second day of the waxing moon of Kartik (Hindu Calendar)
7-Nov
Bhai dooj, also referred to as Bhaubeej, is the ceremony performed by Hindus, generally, on the second day of Deepavali.
Kartik Poornima
15th of the Full moon day of Kartik (November-December)
Moves
A unique festival is celebrated in Varanasi this day which is called Dev Devali.
Chhath
Nov 11-12
Chhath is mainly observed in Bihar and Terai, but is also celebrated elsewhere. It is a festival dedicated to the Sun God for bestowing the bounties of life and fulfilling wishes.
Prathamastami
After 8 days of Kartik Purnima
Prathamastami is a festival that originated in Oriya. It is held on the eighth day of the month of Agrahayana, when older female relatives pray for the prosperity of their eldest child.
Yatra
Oct - Mar
Yatra (also Zatra and jatra) refers to the pilgrimage festivals celebrated at Hindu temples.
Karthikai Deepam
Nov -Dec
Karthikai Deepam is an ancient festival of lights celebrated by Tamil Hindus on the full moon day of Karthikai month (November/December). Karthigai (Pleiades) and purnima.
Pancha Ganapati
A Winter Solstice celebration that lasts five days.
Dec 21-25
Pancha Ganapati is a modern Hindu festival celebrating Lord Ganesha, the Five-Faced Maha Ganapati Lord of Categories.
Kumbh Mela
A pilgrimage made every four years to the Ganges river
Jul27-Sep7
The Purna (complete) Kumbh takes place every twelve years, and is an ordinary large Kumbh Mela. The Ardh (half) Kumbh Mella, a smaller Kumbh Mela, is celebrated every six years.


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