RRB NTPC Exam GK - 2016 : Detailed About Vitamins for Railway Exam Oriented

RRB NTPC Exam GK - 2016 : Detailed About Vitamins for Railway Exam Oriented
RRB NTPC Exam GK - 2016 : Detailed About Vitamins for Railway Exam Oriented

Water soluble Vitamins àB complex, C

Fat soluble Vitamins àA,D,E,K

Vitamin Deficiency Diseases

Vitamin A - Night Blindness, Hyperkeratosis and Keratomalacia.

Vitamin B1 - Beriberi, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome.

Vitamin B2 - Ariboflavinosis.

Vitamin B3 - Pellagra.

Vitamin B5 - Paresthesia.

Vitamin B6 - Anemia peripheral neuropathy.

Vitamin B7 - Dermatitis, enteritis.

Vitamin B9 - Megaloblast and Deficiency during pregnancy is associated with birth defects, such as neural tube defects.

Vitamin B12 - Megaloblastic anemia.

Vitamin C - Scurvy.

Vitamin D - Rickets and Osteomalacia.

Vitamin K - Bleeding diathesis.


S NO
Vitamin
Function
Food Sources




1
Vitamin A
(Retinol)
 
Helps you to see in the day and at night.
Protects you from infections by keeping
skin and other body parts healthy.
Promotes normal growth and development.
Liver, some fish
Milk, cheese


2
Vitamin B1
(
Thiamin)
Helps with energy production in your body.
Whole grains, enriched grains
Liver, pork, dried beans, nuts and seeds


3
Vitamin B2
(
Riboflavin)
Helps with energy production in your body.
Helps your body use other B vitamins.
Soybeans, meat and poultry, liver and eggs
Mushrooms
Milk, cheese, yogurt
Whole grains, enriched grains


4
Vitamin B3
(
Niacin)
 
Helps your body to use protein, fat and carbohydrate to make energy.
Helps enzymes work properly in your body.
Mushrooms
Peanut butter, meat, fish, poultry
Whole grains, enriched grains


5
Biotin
 
Allows your body to use protein, fat and carbohydrate from food.
Sweet potatoes
Nonfat milk, yogurt
Peanuts, almonds, eggs, liver, soy protein
*The biotin content in food can vary greatly


6
Vitamin B6
(
Pyridoxin)
 
Helps your body to make and use protein and glycogen which is the stored energy in your muscles and liver.
Helps form hemoglobin which carries oxygen in your blood.
Potatoes, bananas
100% bran, instant oatmeal
Meat, fish, poultry, liver, soybeans, chickpeas, lentils, pistachio, nuts, sunflower seeds


7
Vitamin B12
(
Cyanocobalamin)
 
Works with the vitamin folate to make DNA.
Helps to make healthy blood cells. Low levels of vitamin B12 can cause a type of anemia.
Keeps nerves working properly.
Milk, cheese, yogurt, fortified soy or rice beverages
Meat, fish, poultry, liver, eggs, fortified soy products


8
Folate (also known as
folacin and
folic
acid
)
 
Helps to produce and maintain DNA and cells.
Helps to make red blood cells and  prevent anemia.
Getting enough folic acid lowers the risk of having a baby with birth defects like spina bifida.
Asparagus, cooked spinach, romaine lettuce, Brussels sprouts, beets, broccoli, corn, green peas, oranges, orange juice
Bread, enriched pasta, wheat germ
Liver, dried beans, soybeans, chickpeas, lentils, sunflower seeds, flaxseeds
*Folic acid is the type of folate found in Vitamin supplements and fortified foods.



9
Vitamin C
(Ascorbic acid)
May help prevent cell damage and reduce risk for certain cancers, heart disease and
other diseases.
Helps heal cuts and wounds and keeps
gums healthy.Protects you from infections by keeping your immune system healthy.
Increases the amount of iron your body absorbs from some foods.
Citrus fruits such as oranges, grapefruits and
their juices, kiwi,strawberries, mangoes,
papaya
Red, yellow and green peppers, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, tomatoes,raw dark leafy vegetables
 



10
Carotenoids:
alpha, betacarotene
and betacryptoxanthin
 
Carotenoids are not vitamins but some types can turn into vitamin A in the body.
Act as antioxidants which protect your body from damage caused by harmful molecules called free radicals.
 
Cantaloupe, pink grapefruit, tomatoes, broccoli, dark green leafy vegetables like spinach, beet greens and Swiss chard, dark orange vegetables such as carrots and sweet potatoes



11
Vitamin D
 (
Calciferol)
Increases the amount of calcium and phosphorus your body absorbs from foods.
Deposits calcium and phosphorus in bones and teeth, making them stronger and healthier.
Protects against infections by keeping your immune system healthy.
Milk, fortified soy and rice beverages
Fortified margarine
Some fish, eggs, organ meats, fish liver oils



12
Vitamin E
(Tocoferol)
 
Helps to maintain a healthy immune system and other body processes.
Acts as an antioxidant and protects cells from damage.
Vegetable oils
Avocados, leafy green vegetables
Wheat germ, sunflower seeds, some nuts, peanut butter



13
Vitamin K
(Phylloquinone)
 
Makes proteins that cause our blood to clot, when you are bleeding.
Involved in making body proteins for your blood, bones and kidneys.
Broccoli, soybeans, dark green leafy vegetables such as kale, collards, turnip/beet greens and spinach

Which Vitamin is known as the anti-infective vitamin ?
Answer: Vitamin A


 What is the source of Vitamin A in Leafy vegetables ?
Answer: Carotene


Which is the pigment giving yellow colour to Milk ?
Answer: Carotene


Unpolished rice is a rich source of which vitamin ?
Answer: Thiamine (Vitamin B1)


Which Vitamin is used for ELISA test (AIDS) ?
 Answer: Vitamin B7 (Biotin)


Which Vitamin contains Cobalt ?
Answer: Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin) 


Which Vitamin helps to heal wound ?
Answer: Vitamin C


Which Vitamin helps in blood clotting ?
Answer: Vitamin K


Which Vitamin helps immunity of body ?
Answer: Vitamin C


Which is the first artificially synthesized Vitamin ?
Answer: Vitamin C
RRB NTPC Exam GK - 2016 : Detailed About Vitamins for Railway Exam Oriented RRB NTPC Exam GK - 2016 : Detailed About Vitamins for Railway Exam Oriented Reviewed by SSC-IBPS on 20:20:00 Rating: 5
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