RRB NTPC EXAM-2016:: Indian Polity Part-1
|RRB NTPC EXAM-2016:: Indian Polity Part-1|
- The Constituent Assembly was constituted in November 1946 under the scheme formulated by the Cabinet Mission Plan.
- The total strength of the Constituent Assembly was to be 389. Of these, 296 seats were to be allotted to British India and 93 seats to the Princely states. Out of 296 seats allotted to the British India, 292 members were to be drawn from the 11 governor's provinces and four from the 4 chief commissioners' provinces, one from each.
- Seats allocated to each community were decided among the three principal communities-Muslims, Sikhs and general (all except Muslims and Sikhs), in proportion to their population.
- The Constituent Assembly held its first meeting on December 9, 1946.
- Dr. Sachchidanand Sinha, the oldest member, was elected as the temporary President of the Assembly, following the French practice.
- Later, on December 11, 1946, Dr. Rajendra Prasad and H.C. Mukherjee were elected as the President and Vice President of the Assembly respectively.
- Sir B N Rao was appointed as the Constitutional advisor to the Assembly.
- On December 13, 1946, Jawaharlal Nehru moved the historic 'Objective Resolution' in the Assembly.
- This Resolution was unanimously adopted by the Assembly on January 22, 1947.
- ·National flag was adopted on July 22, 1947.
- National Anthem was adopted on 24 January, 1950.
- ·National Song was adopted on 24 January, 1950.
Major Committees of the Constituent Assembly
- · Union Powers Committee -Jawahar Lal Nehru
- · Union Constitution Committee - Jawahar Lal Nehru
- · Provincial Constitution Committee - Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
- · Drafting Committee - Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar
- · Advisory Committee on Fundamental Rights - Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
- · Rules of Procedure Committee - Dr. Rajendra Prasad
- · Steering Committee - Dr. Rajendra Prasad
- · States Committee - Jawahar Lal Nehru
- · In Drafting Committee there were 7 members including Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar.
- · The Constitution was adopted on 26 November, 1949.
- · The Constitution was commenced on 26 January, 1950.
- · India's Constitution is the lengthiest Written Constitution of the world.
- · Our Constitution is divided into 22 parts and 12 Schedules.
Part 1 - Union and Its Territory Art.( 1-4 )
Part 2- Citizenship Art.( 5-11 )
Part 3- Fundamental Rights Art.( 12-35 )
Part 4- Directive Principal of States Policy Art.( 36-51 )
Part 4 A - Fundamental Duties Art.( 51A )
Part 5 - The Union Art.( 52-151 )
Part 6- The States Art.( 152-237 )
Part 7 - Repealed (Omitted) Art.( 238 )
Part 8- The Union Territories. Art.( 239-243 )
Part 9- The Panchayat Art.( 243(A)-243(O) )
Part 9 A- The Municipalities Art.( 243(P)-243zg )
Part 9 B- The Cooperative Societies
Part 10 - The Scheduled and Tribal Areas Art.( 244-244A )
Part 11- Relation Between the Union and the States Art.( 245-263 )
Part 12- Finance, Property, Contracts and Suits Art.( 264-300A )
Part 13 - Trades and Commerce within the territory of India Art.( 301-307 )
Part 14 - Services under the Union, the States Art.( 308-323 )
Part 14 A – Tribunals Art.( 323A-323B )
Part 15- Elections Art.( 324-329A )
Part 16 - Special Provisions relating to certain classes Art.( 330-342 )
Part 17 – Languages Art.( 343-351 )
Part 18- Emergency Provisions Art.( 352-360 )
Part 19 – Miscellaneous Art.( 361-367 )
Part 20 - Amendment of the Constitution Art.( 368 )
Part 21 - Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions Art.( 369-392 )
Part 22 - Short Title, Date of commencement, Authoritative Texts in Hindi and repeals. Art.( 393-395 )
RRB NTPC EXAM-2016:: Indian Polity Part-1 Reviewed by Arun Chowdary on 08:52:00 Rating: