Railway Exam(ASM,TT,Goods Guard) -2016: Important Points Of Indian Constitution


Railway Exam(ASM,TT,Goods Guard) -2016: Important Points Of Indian Constitution
Railway Exam(ASM,TT,Goods Guard) -2016: Important Points Of Indian Constitution

Schedules in Constitution of India

First Schedule
  • List of States & Union Territories
Second Schedule
  • Salary of President, Governors, Chief Judges, Judges of High Court and Supreme court, Comptroller and Auditor General
Third Schedule
  • Forms of Oaths and affirmations
Fourth Schedule
  • Allocate seats for each state of India in Rajya Sabha
Fifth Schedule
  • Administration and control of scheduled areas and tribes
Sixth Schedule
  • Provisions for administration of Tribal Area in Asom, Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram & Arunachal Pradesh
Seventh Schedule
  • Gives allocation of powers and functions between Union & States. It contains 3 lists
    1. Union List (For central Govt) 97 Subjects.
    2. States List (Powers of State Govt) 66 subjects
    3. Concurrent List (Both Union & States) 47 subjects.
Eighth Schedule
  • List of 22 languages of India recognized by Constitution
1. Assamese
2. Bengali
3. Gujarati
4. Hindi
5. Kannada
6. Kashmiri
7. Manipuri
8. Malayalam
9. Konkani
10. Marathi
11. Nepali
12. Oriya
13. Punjabi
14. Sanskrit
15. Sindhi
16. Tamil
17. Telugu
18. Urdu
19. Santhali
20. Bodo
21. Maithili
22. Dogri
  • Sindhi was added in 1967 by 21 Amendment
  • Konkani, Manipuri ad Nepali were added in 1992 by 71 amendment Santhali, Maithili, Bodo and Dogri were added in 2003 by 92 amendment
Ninth Schedule
  • Added by Ist amendment in 1951. Contains acts & orders related to land tenure, land tax, railways, industries.{Right of property not a fundamental right now}
Tenth Schedule
  • Added by 52nd amendment in 1985. Contains provisions of disqualification of grounds of defection
Eleventh Schedule
  • By 73rd amendment in 1992. Contains provisions of Panchayati Raj.
Twelfth Schedule
  • By 74thamendment in 1992. Contains provisions of Municipal Corporation.


Parts OF  Indian Constitution 

PART I                THE UNION AND ITS TERRITORY     Art.( 1-4 )
PART II               CITIZENSHIP    Art.( 5-11 )
PART III              FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS          Art.( 12-35 )
PART IV              DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY     Art.( 36-51 )
PART IVA           FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES            Art.( 51A )
PART V                THE UNION          Art.( 52-151 )
PART VI              THE STATES     Art.( 152-237 )
PART VII             THE STATES IN PART B OF THE FIRST SCHEDULE      Art.( 238 )
PART VIII           THE UNION TERRITORIES        Art.( 239-243 )
PART IX              PANCHAYATS  Art.( 243(A)-243(O) )
PART IXA           MUNICIPALITIES           Art.( 243(P)-243zg )
PART X                THE SCHEDULED AND TRIBAL AREAS               Art.( 244-244A )
PART XI               RELATIONS BETWEEN THE UNION AND THE STATES              Art.( 245-263 )
PART XII             FINANCE, PROPERTY, CONTRACTS AND SUITS             Art.( 264-300A )
PART XIII           TRADE,COMMERCE AND INTERCOURSE WITHIN THE TERRITORY OF INDIAArt.( 301-307 )
PART XIV           SERVICES UNDER THE UNION AND THE STATES         Art.( 308-323 )
PART XIVA        TRIBUNALS       Art.( 323A-323B )
PART XV             ELECTIONS       Art.( 324-329A )
PART XVI           SPECIAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO CERTAIN CLASSES           Art.( 330-342 )
PART XVII          OFFICIAL LANGUAGE  Art.( 343-351 )
PART XVIII        EMERGENCY PROVISIONS Art.( 352-360 )
PART XIX           MISCELLANEOUS           Art.( 361-367 )
PART XX             AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION              Art.( 368 )
PART XXI           TEMPORARY, TRANSITIONAL AND SPECIAL PROVISIONS      Art.( 369-392 )
PART XXII          SHORT TITLE,COMMENCEMENT,AUTHORITATIVE TEXT IN HINDI AND REPEALSArt.( 393-395 )

Must Know Articles In  Indian Constitution 

Article 1 -         Name and Territory of the Union.
Article 14 -      Relates to Right to Equality
Article 17 -      Abolishes the practice of untouchability
Article 18 -      Prohibits the state from conferring any title.
Article 19 -      Deals with six freedoms of Indian citizens namely,
(a) freedom of speech and expression
(d) freedom of movement throughout the territory of India
(e) freedom of residence and settlement in any part of India
(d) freedom of occupation.
Article 21 -          Provides protection to life and liberty to all persons
Article 21A -       Right to elementary education.
Article 22 -         Affords protection against arbitrary arrest & detention
Article 23 -      Prohibits the traffic in human beings and beggars. (making a person work without wages or adequate compensation)
Article 24 -             Prohibits the employment of children below 14 years.
Articles 25-28 -     Relates to Right to freedom of religion
Article 32 -       Right to Constitutional Remedies described as ‘‘The heart and soul of the Constitution’’ by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
Article 36-51 -    Relates to Directive Principles of State Policy.
Article 39A -        Free legal aid
Article 40 -          Deals with the formation of Panchayats
Article 44 -          Uniform Civil Code for the Citizens.
Article 45 -          Free and compulsory education to all children below 14 years of age.
Article 50 -          Separation of Judiciary
Article 51 -          Promotion of International peace & security
Article 51(A) -    Relates to list of Fundamental Duties
Article 74 -         Council of Ministers to aid and advice the President
Article 110 -      Definition of Money Bills.
Article 112 -      Annual Financial Statement (Budget)
Article 123 -      Power of President to promulgate ordinances during recess of Parliament.
Article 262 -      Adjudication of disputes relating to waters of Inter -state rivers or river valleys.
Article 312 -      All India Services
Article 315 -      Public Service Commissions for the Union and for the states.
Article 324 -      Relates to the Election Commission
Article 352 -      Gives provision regarding emergencies
Article 356 -      Proclamation of President’s Rule in the states.
Article 368 -      Amendment of the Constitution by the Parliament
Article 370 -       Special status to Jammu and Kashmir

The borrowed features of constitution from different countries.

From U.K.
  • Nominal Head � President (like Queen)
  • Cabinet System of Ministers
  • Post of PM
  • Parliamentary Type of Govt.
  • Bicameral Parliament
  • Lower House more powerful
  • Council of Ministers responsible to Lowe House
  • Speaker in Lok Sabha
From U.S.
  • Written Constitution
  • Executive head of state known as President and his being the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces
  • Vice- President as the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha
  • Fundamental Rights
  • Supreme Court
  • Provision of States
  • Independence of Judiciary and judicial review
  • Preamble
  • Removal of Supreme court and High court Judges
From USSR
  • Fundamental Duties
  • Five year Plan
From AUSTRALIA
  • Concurrent list
  • Language of the preamble
  • Provision regarding trade, commerce and intercourse
From JAPAN
  • Law on which the Supreme Court function
From WEIMAR CONSTITUION OF GERMANY
  • Suspension of Fundamental Rights during the emergency
From CANADA
  • Scheme of federation with a strong centre
  • Distribution of powers between centre and the states and placing. Residuary Powers with the centre
From IRELAND
  • Concept of Directive Principles of States Policy(Ireland borrowed it from SPAIN)
  • Method of election of President
  • Nomination of members in the Rajya Sabha by the President

Railway Exam(ASM,TT,Goods Guard) -2016: Important Points Of Indian Constitution Railway Exam(ASM,TT,Goods Guard) -2016: Important Points Of Indian Constitution Reviewed by GK Adda on 10:26:00 Rating: 5
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