QUEST FOR REASONING :: IBPS CLERK MAINS PRACTICE SET

Look at this series: 36, 34, 30, 28, 24, ... What number should come next?
 A. 20 B. 22 C. 23 D. 26

Look at this series: 80, 10, 70, 15, 60, ... What number should come next?
 20 25 30 D. 50

Applying for Seasonal Employment occurs when a person requests to be considered for a job that is dependent on a particular season or time of year. Which situation below is the best example of Applying for Seasonal Employment?
 The ski instructors at Top of the Peak Ski School work from December through March. Matthew prefers jobs that allow him to work outdoors. Lucinda makes an appointment with the beach resort restaurant manager to interview for the summer waitressing position that was advertised in the newspaper. Doug's ice cream shop stays open until 11 p.m. during the summer months.

People speculate when they consider a situation and assume something to be true based on inconclusive evidence. Which situation below is the best example of Speculation ?
 Francine decides that it would be appropriate to wear jeans to her new office on Friday after reading about "Casual Fridays" in her employee handbook. Mary spends thirty minutes sitting in traffic and wishes that she took the train instead of driving. After consulting several guidebooks and her travel agent, Jennifer feels confident that the hotel she has chosen is first-rate. When Emily opens the door in tears, Theo guesses that she's had a death in her family.

In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given. There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as
• (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect;
• (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect;
• (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes;
• (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and
• (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.
Statements:
1. The prices of petrol and diesel in the domestic market have remained unchanged for the past few months.
2. The crude oil prices in the international market have gone up substantially in the last few months.
 A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Statements:
1. All the schools in the area had to be kept closed for most part of the week.
2. Many parents have withdrawn their children from the local schools.
 A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Statements:
1. India has surpassed the value of tea exports this year over all the earlier years due to an increase in demand for quality tea in the European market.
2. There is an increase in demand of coffee in the domestic market during the last two years.
 A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect Both the statements I and II are independent causes D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Marathon is to race as hibernation is to
 winter B. bear dream sleep

Statement:
A large number of people in ward X of the city are diagnosed to be suffering from a fatal malaria type.

Courses of Action:
1. The city municipal authority should take immediate steps to carry out extensive fumigation in ward X.
2. The people in the area should be advised to take steps to avoid mosquito bites.
 A. Only I follows B. Only II follows C. Either I or II follows D. Neither I nor II follows E. Both I and II follow

Statement: Since its launching in 1981, Vayudoot has so far accumulated losses amounting to Rs 153 crore.

Courses of Action:
1. Vayudoot should be directed to reduce wasteful expenditure and to increase passenger fare.
2. An amount of about Rs 300 crore should be provided to Vayudoot to make the airliner economically viable.
 A. Only I follows B. Only II follows Either I or II follows Neither I nor II follows Both I and II follow

Explanation:
This is an alternating number subtraction series. First, 2 is subtracted, then 4, then 2, and so on.

Explanation:
This is an alternating addition and subtraction series. In the first pattern, 10 is subtracted from each number to arrive at the next. In the second, 5 is added to each number to arrive at the next.

Explanation:
Although the ski instructors at Top of the Peak Ski School do work seasonally, choice a does not describe anyone applying for seasonal employment. In choice b, the statement that Matthew likes to work outdoors tells us nothing about seasonal employment or someone applying for it. And although choice d describes a business with seasonal hours, it does not describe a person applying for seasonal work. Choice c, on the other hand, very specifically depicts a person, Lucinda, who is applying for a job as a summer waitress at a beach resort, which is dependent upon a particular season of the year.

Explanation:
This is the only situation in which someone makes an assumption that is not based on conclusive evidence. Choices a and c reflect situations in which assumptions are made based on evidence. In choice b, Mary is not assuming anything to be true. She is simply wishing that she'd made a different decision.

Explanation:
The prices of petrol and diesel being stagnant in the domestic market and the increase in the same in the international market must be backed by independent causes.

Explanation:
Closing the schools for a week and the parents withdrawing their wards from the local schools are independent issues, which must have been triggered by different individual causes.

Explanation:
The two statements discuss two separate statistical and generalized results.

Explanation:
A marathon is a long race and hibernation is a lengthy period of sleep. The answer is not choice a or b because even though a bear and winter are related to hibernation, neither completes the analogy. (Choice c) is incorrect because sleep and dream are not synonymous.