IBPS CWE CLERK :: CORRECTION OF SENTENCE POST-4

RULES OF VERBS
                   
IBPS CWE CLERK :: CORRECTION OF SENTENCE POST-4
IBPS CWE CLERK :: CORRECTION OF SENTENCE POST-4
Rule – 1
A Single verb should be made to serve two subjects, only when the form of verb is same for both the subjects.
Example:-
          Incorrect: I am eighteen years old and my sister sixteen
          Correct    : I am eighteen years old my sister is sixteen

Rule – 2
Two auxiliaries can be used with one principal verb, only when the form of the principal verb is appropriate to the auxiliaries.
Example:-
          Incorrect: He never has, and never will take such strong measures.
          Correct   : He never has taken, and never will take such strong measure.

Rule – 3
When there is only one auxiliary to two principal verbs it should be correctly associated with the both.
Example:-
          Incorrect: ten candidates have passed, one failed.
          Correct   : ten candidates have passed, one has failed.

Rule – 4
A past tense in main clause may be followed by a past tense in the subordinate clause.
Example:-
          Incorrect:  He succeeded because he works hard.
          Correct   :  He succeeded because he worked hard.

Rule – 5
A past tense in main clause may be followed by a present tense in  the subordinate clause expresses a universal truth.
Example:-
Incorrect: Our teacher said that the earth moved around the sun
          Correct   : Our teacher said that the earth movies around the sun

Rule – 6
When the subordinate, clause comes after ‘lest’ the auxiliary verb ‘should’ must be used, whatever be the tense of the verb in the main clause.
Example:-
          Incorrect: we start early lest we shall miss the train
          Correct   : we start eaely lest we should miss the train

Rule – 7
An adverb or adverbial phrase should not be placed between ‘to’ and the verbal part of the infinitive. (This is called the spilt infinitive )
Example:-
          Incorrect: I hopped to immediately reply to your letter.
          Correct   : I hopped to reply immediately to your letter.

Rule – 8
An infinitive should be in the present tense unless it. Represents an action prior to the governing verb.
Example:-
          Incorrect: I should have liked to have gone there.
          Correct   : I should have liked to go there.
          Incorrect: He seems to enjoy his stay in Madras.
          Correct   : He seems to have enjoyed his stay in Madras.

Rule – 9
A participle should not be unrelated or falsely related. Since it is an Adjective, it must qualify a noun or Pronoun.
Example:-
          Incorrect: Sitting on the gate, a scorpion stung him.
          Correct   : Sitting on the gate, he was stung by a scorpion
                                                (OR)
                          While he was sitting on the gate, a scorpion stung him.

Rule – 10
The auxiliary verbs like will, should, shall, would,  could, can, may, might, must and expressions like would sooner, rather than, sooner than had better etc. should be followed by the infinitive with – out ‘to’
Example:-
          Incorrect: He might went here.
          Correct   : He might go there.

Rule – 11
The form of the verb that follows a preposition must be the gerund.
Example:-
          Incorrect: They were punished for come late.
          Correct   : They were punished for coming late.
Rule – 12
The future indefinite tense is not used in the clause of time, place and condition. Here the present indefinite tense is used.
Example:-
          Incorrect: I shall wait for you till you will finish your work
          Correct   : I shall wait you, till you finish your work.

Rule – 13
The Present Perfect tense is not used with the adverbs of past time like yesterday, in 1990 etc… here past indefinite tense is used.
Example:-
          Incorrect: I have bought a cycle yesterday.
          Correct   : I bought a cycle yesterday.

Rule – 14
The Past Perfect Tense is used to represent the earlier of the two past actions.
Example:-
          Incorrect: When I reached the station, the train already left.
          Correct   : When I reached the station, the train had already left.

Rule – 15
The present perfect continuous tense is used for an action that began in the past time and still going at the time of speaking. It is used with adverbials of time introduced by ‘since’, ‘for’ and ‘how long’
          Incorrect: How long are you working in this office?

          Correct   : How long have you been working in this office?

Rules of Adverb

Rule – 1
Two negatives destroy each other. Hence two negatives should not be used in the same sentence unless we make an affirmation
          Incorrect: I have got none.
          Correct   : I have not got any.

Rule – 2
‘At’ present means ‘at the present time’, ‘presently’ means ‘shortly’ this should  not be confused.
          Incorrect: Nothing more can be done presently
          Correct   : Nothing more can be done at present

Rule – 3
‘Hard’ means ‘diligently’, ‘strenuously’ ‘hardly’ means ‘scarcely’ at all. These two adverbial forms of ‘hard’ must not be confused.
          Incorrect: He tried hardly to win the race.
          Correct   : He tried hard to win the race..
          Incorrect: she has eaten hard anything today.
          Correct   : She has eaten hardly anything today

Rule – 4
‘Much’ is used before past participles and adjectives or Adverbs of comparative degree. ‘Very’ is used before the present participles and adjectives and adverbs of positive degree.
          Incorrect: The news is much Surprising.
          Correct   : The news is very surprising.
          Incorrect: I was very surprised at hearing the news.

          Correct    : I was much surprised at hearing the news.




IBPS CWE CLERK :: CORRECTION OF SENTENCE POST-4 IBPS CWE CLERK :: CORRECTION OF SENTENCE POST-4 Reviewed by SSC-IBPS on 19:19:00 Rating: 5
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